Georgia - 2012 State Policy Information Georgia State Flag 

Below are results for Georgia from the 2011/2012 Water Efficiency and Conservation State Scorecard survey.

Use the links below to jump to a specific question:

Q1. State Agencies  Q8. Water Loss  Q15. Implementation Requirements 
Q2. Toilet Regulations    Q9. Permitting     Q16. State Funding for Conservation 
Q3. Showerhead Regulations  Q10. Drought Plans  Q17. Technical Assistance 
Q4. Urinal Regulations  Q11. Conservation Plans  Q18. Volumetric Billing   
Q5. Clothes Washer Regulations  Q12. Authority to Approve Plans  Q19. Metered Connections  
Q6. PRSV Regulations  Q13. Plan Update Frequency  Q20. ET Microclimate Information   
Q7. Building or Plumbing Codes  Q14. Planning Framework  Additional Information 

 

 

 

 

 

 


  1. What state agency or agencies are in charge of drinking water conservation/efficiency?

    Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division, Watershed Protection Branch
     
  2. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for toilets that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    Yes.

    GA. CODE ANN. § 8-2-3:

    "(a)… in all new construction permitted on or after July 1, 2012… (c) The standards related to high-efficiency plumbing fixtures shall include without limitation, the following: (1) A water closet or toilet that: (A) Is a dual flush water closet that meets the following standards: (i) The average flush volume of two reduced flushes and one full flush may not exceed 1.28 gallons… or (B) Is a single flush water closet, including gravity, pressure assisted, and electro-hydraulic tank types, that meets the following standards: (i) The average flush volume may not exceed 1.28 gallons;”

    GA. CODE ANN. § 8-2-3 Text

     
  3. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for showerheads that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    No
     
     
  4. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for urinals that is more stringent than the federal standard?

    Yes.

    GA. CODE ANN. § 8-2-3"

    "(a)… in all new construction permitted on or after July 1, 2012… (c) The standards related to high-efficiency plumbing fixtures shall include without limitation, the following... (3) A urinal and associated flush valve that: (A) Uses no more than 0.5 gallons of water per flush;" 

    GA. CODE ANN. § 8-2-3 Text 
      
     
  5. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for clothes washers that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    No
     
  6. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for pre-rinse spray valves that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    No
     
  7. Does the state have mandatory building or plumbing codes requiring water efficient products that exceed the federal standard? 

    Yes.

    In addition to requirements for toilets and urinals, Georgia has more stringent standards for kitchen and lavatory faucets.  The state also requires multifamily housing and multiunit commercial to be submetered.

    GA. CODE ANN. § 8-2-3:

    "(a)… in all new construction permitted on or after July 1, 2012… (c) The standards related to high-efficiency plumbing fixtures shall include without limitation, the following... (4) A lavatory faucet or lavatory replacement aerator that allows a flow of no more than 1.5 gallons of water per minute at a pressure of 60 pounds per square inch… (5) A kitchen faucet or kitchen replacement aerator that allows a flow of no more than 2.0 gallons of water per minute.” 

    GA. CODE ANN. § 12-5-180.1:

    "(c) All new multiunit residential buildings permitted on or after July 1, 2012, shall be constructed in a manner which will permit the measurement by a county, municipal, or other public water system or by the owner or operator of water use by each unit... (d) All new multiunit retail and light industrial buildings permitted or with a pending permit application on or after July 1, 2012, shall be constructed in a manner which will permit the measurement by the owner or operator of water use by each unit."

    GA. CODE ANN. § 8-2-3 Text 

    GA. CODE ANN. § 12-5-180.1 Text
      
  8. Does the state have any regulations or policies for water utilities regarding water loss in the utility distribution system?  

    Yes.

    GA. CODE ANN. § 12-5-4.1:

    "By January 1, 2012, public water systems serving at least 10,000 individuals shall have conducted a water loss audit pursuant to the minimum standards and best practices adopted by the Board of Natural Resources. By January 1, 2013, all other public water systems shall have conducted a water loss audit pursuant to the minimum standards and best practices adopted by the Board of Natural Resources. Audit results shall be submitted to the division within 60 days of completion and shall be posted on the division's website in a timely manner after receipt by the division." 


    GA. CODE ANN. § 12-5-4.1 Text
    Georgia Water Loss Manual

     
  9. Does the state require conservation activities as part of its water permitting process or water right permit?

    Yes.

    GA. CODE ANN. § 12-5-522:

    "(e) The division shall make all water withdrawal permitting decisions in accordance with this chapter, the comprehensive state-wide water management plan that has been approved or enacted by the General Assembly as provided by this article, and any applicable regional water development and conservation plan, including, but not limited to, restrictions, if any, on diversion from or reduction of flows in other watercourses. Any political subdivision or local water authority that is not in compliance with the plan shall be ineligible for state grants or loans for water projects, except for those projects designed to bring such political subdivision or local water authority into compliance with the plan." 

    GA. CODE ANN. § 12-5-522 Text
      
      
  10. Does the state require preparation of drought emergency plans by water utilities or cities on any prescribed schedule?  

    Yes, as part of the permitting process for users in excess of 100,000 gallons/day.  

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.03(1): "No person shall after December 1, 1974, withdraw, obtain or utilize ground water in excess of one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons per day for any purpose unless such person has first obtained a permit therefor from the Division . . . . "

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.04(11): "In the preparation of a permit application for a new permit or modification of an existing permit which includes an increase in the permitted water use (except for a farm use permit application) the applicant must submit to the Director for approval a water conservation plan prepared in accordance with the following guidelines. The plan must address the following items (or contain a statement why the item is not an appropriate part of the plan). . . . (d) A drought contingency plan approved by the Director and prepared in accordance with the following guidelines. The plan should include alternative system and resource management strategies to be implemented under drought conditions that may severely reduce the availability of the resource. The applicant must provide the following items in the plan (or a statement as to why the item is not an appropriate part of the plan): 1. Drought conditions or events that put the drought contingency plan into effect; (i) The applicant must develop a system for determining drought severity based on some approved indicator, e.g.: (I) System demands; (II) Ground water levels; (III) Other."  

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.03 Text
    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.04 Text
     
  11. Does the state have a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation/efficiency separate from drought emergency plans?   

    Yes, as part of the permitting process for users in excess of 100,000 gallons/day.  

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.03(1):

    "No person shall after December 1, 1974, withdraw, obtain or utilize ground water in excess of one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons per day for any purpose unless such person has first obtained a permit therefor from the Division . . . . "

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.04(11):

    "In the preparation of a permit application for a new permit or modification of an existing permit which includes an increase in the permitted water use (except for a farm use permit application) the applicant must submit to the Director for approval a water conservation plan prepared in accordance with the following guidelines."

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.03 Text
    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.04 Text
     
  12. Does the state have the authority to approve or reject the conservation plans? 

    Yes, as part of the permitting process.

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.04(11):

    "In the preparation of a permit application for a new permit or modification of an existing permit which includes an increase in the permitted water use (except for a farm use permit application) the applicant must submit to the Director for approval a water conservation plan prepared in accordance with the following guidelines."

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.04 Text
      
  13. How often does the state require the water utilities to submit a potable water conservation plan (not part of a drought emergency plan)? 

    N/A
     
  14. If the state has a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation separate from drought emergency plans, is there a framework or prescribed methodology?

    Every 10 years.

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.07(1):

    "[N]o permit granted under Rule 391-3-2-.06 of this Chapter shall be issued for a longer period than the longest of the following: (a) ten years; or (b) the period found by the Division to be necessary for reasonable amortization of the applicant's withdrawal or water-using facilities."

    GA. COMP. R. & REGS. 391-3-2-.07 Text
      
      
  15. Does the state require water utilities to implement conservation measures, beyond just the preparation and submittal of plans? 

    No
     
  16. Does the state offer financial assistance to utilities, cities, or counties for urban water conservation programs such as a revolving loan fund? Grants?  Bonds?  Appropriations?

    Yes. 

    The state has funding opportunities beyond the DWSRF and CWSRF.  The Georgia Environmental Finance Authority (GEFA) provides low-interest infrastructure financing for local government water utilities. GEFA has several loan programs that can be used by water utilities to finance a broad range of water conservation projects in the areas of utility water loss and end-use water efficiency.  
      
  17. Does the state offer technical assistance for urban water conservation programs? 

    Yes.

    The Georgia Environmental Protection Division offers periodic trainings and technical workshops for local water providers.

    The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Program offers technical assistance to homeowners.
      
  18. Does the state require volumetric billing?

    No
     
      
  19. What percentage or number of publicly supplied water connections (residential and nonresidential) are metered in your state?
     
     
  20. Does the state provide statewide ET microclimate information for urban landscapes?  

    No 

 Additional Information:  

Center for Neighborhood Technology. February 2014. Stepping Up Water Loss Control: Lessons from the State of Georgia

Conserve Water Georgia, Water Conservation Clearinghouse