Water Efficiency Watch November - December 2008

News from the Alliance for Water Efficiency


Water Efficiency Watch is the online newsletter of the Alliance for Water Efficiency, edited by Peter Mayer. 

In this issue of Water Efficiency Watch...

Doubling Down Since Las Vegas

A Message from the AWE Executive Director

By Mary Ann Dickinson

MAD.jpgIt has been several weeks since the WaterSmart Innovations Conference in Las Vegas, and I for one am still recovering.  What an amazing assemblage of speakers, presentations, exhibitors, and attendees!  1200 people came to this outstanding event, organized and conducted by the Southern Nevada Water Authority.  It was a resounding success, and an impressive debut for a new conference.  Attending six tracks of presentations and workshops, visiting 150 exhibit booths, and meeting with many water conservation professionals from all over the world was a wonderful learning and networking experience.

AWE had membership meetings in Las Vegas as part of the WaterSmart Innovations conference.  In addition to a Board of Directors meeting, there were meetings of the three committees:  WaterSense and Water Efficient Products, Water Efficiency Research, and Education and Outreach.  These were the first face-to-face meetings for these committees, and the participants discussed goals, objectives, and work plans for the next three years.  Check out the committee pages  on the AWE web site for the latest information on committee activities.  Any AWE member may participate in one or more of these committees.  Come join us!

In Las Vegas we also had our first ever annual membership meeting.  At this meeting we sought direction from those attending as to future AWE goals and priorities, and opinions on efficiency and conservation in general.  A follow-up survey has been sent to all AWE members and charter sponsors to obtain further input and to give voice to issues that may not have arisen during the annual membership meeting.  The survey closes on November 7.  Please make sure that you give us your views, as we want AWE to represent the specific concerns and interests of its membership in our day-to-day activities.

The WaterSmart Innovations Conference was a great time to catch up with all our friends and associates in the water efficiency world.  As this issue continues to rise on the public’s radar, there will be many more opportunities for discussion amongst ourselves.  Numerous water efficiency conferences will be taking place in 2009.  Please check out our calendar of events and catch as many of them as you can.   The networking will be valuable.

UPC Code Amendment to Limit Multiple Showerheads Rejected

AWE Worked with Manufacturers and Presented Testimony

shower tilesConcerned about the growing trend toward multiple showerheads?  So are we.  On October 1 in Atlanta, AWE staff argued in favor of an amendment to the Uniform Plumbing Code that would limit the installation of multiple showerheads to shower stalls of a certain large dimension.  The code amendment had been drafted and discussed with manufacturers over a two year period.  However, despite AWE’s valiant efforts, the code assembly in Atlanta voted down the code amendment and sent it back to committee for further review and study.

Multiple showerheads are an increasing phenomenon not only in new luxury bathrooms, but also in the remodeling of existing homes.  Although the standard in the 1992 Energy Policy Act (EPAct) specifies a 2.5 gallon per minute maximum flow rate for a showerhead, the act is silent on how many showerheads flowing at that flow rate can be installed.   AWE believes that the intent of EPAct was clearly to limit the shower itself to 2.5 gpm, not just the showerhead.

High shower flows not only increase water use, but also increase the energy use and carbon emissions as more water must be heated.  AWE staff members are currently examining further options for resolving this vexing issue.  The codes work will continue.

AWE Launches Efficiency Resource Library

Library 2The Alliance for Water Efficiency formally launched a comprehensive web-based Water Efficiency Resource Library, in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, who is a major partner and sponsor of the program.  The Resource Library is located at http://www.allianceforwaterefficiency.org/resource-library/default.aspx

"Water is America's greatest liquid asset, and citizen awareness is the most powerful tool to protect it," said EPA Assistant Administrator for Water Benjamin H. Grumbles.  "EPA commends the Alliance for Water Efficiency for increasing public understanding, spreading the ethic of efficiency, and building partnerships to sustain the water planet." 

The Resource Library has been under construction for nearly two years.  "We were very pleased that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency provided funding and support to assist us with this important project," said Carole Baker, Chair of the Alliance for Water Efficiency Board.   "The nation needs the kind of detailed information that the Resource Library will provide to help address increasing water shortages, while saving the utilities and consumers money at the same time."

The Resource Library is intended as a one-stop shop for water efficient product and program information.  Library sections cover residential plumbing and appliances, toilet testing, landscape and irrigation, commercial and industrial water conservation, water rates and rate structures, water loss control, codes and standards, drought planning, and numerous other topics. Research reports, published documents, and case studies are included, providing a comprehensive picture of what water efficiency measures prove to be the most successful, and how water utilities and consumers can best achieve water efficient use.  Upcoming features being added to the site are state by state summaries and an on-line discussion forum.

"We are thrilled to finally have such a nationwide resource on water efficiency and sustainable water use," said Mary Ann Dickinson, Executive Director of the Alliance for Water Efficiency.  "We view the Resource Library to be a very significant step toward promoting greater water-efficiency, which will help water utilities reduce the costs of needed infrastructure and help avoid the need for new and more expensive water supply options."

Please let AWE know what you think of the library and give us ideas for improving this important resource.

High-Efficiency Toilets in Non-Residential Applications

A caution for water-efficiency practitioners, design professionals, and facilities managers

Toilet testing gurus John Koeller and Bill Gauley have issued a cautionary note on the installation of high-efficiency toilets in non-residential applications. There are two primary concerns related to the proper operation of toilet fixtures - flushing performance and drainline carry.  While it is fairly easy to define an adequate level of flushing performance (the toilet should remove all of the waste from the bowl in a single flush), it is far more difficult to define how far a toilet flush should transport this waste through the building drain piping to the sewer.  There are many things to consider when attempting to assess drainline carry performance, e.g., how much waste is being flushed, what type of waste is being flushed, what is the diameter and slope of the drainline, what is the age and physical condition of the drain, etc.

The current ASME /CSA  drainline carry testing protocol  not only uses non-realistic test media  (¾-inch plastic balls), but it also uses the same testing procedure regardless of whether toilet fixtures are residential or commercial models.  Therefore, we believe that this protocol fails to adequately address the concern of real waste movement in the drain system. This is somewhat disconcerting since we know (a) that there is a clear difference between ¾-inch balls and “real” waste and (b) that there are significant differences between residential and commercial toilet installations. 

Gauley and Koeller recommend that caution  be used when choosing whether or not to install HETs in existing commercial sites – especially if the physical conditions of the existing drainlines may be suspect or if there are little or no supplemental flows available at the site to augment the carry of waste.  In new construction, we recommend that building designers seriously consider (a) the placement of water consuming fixtures (e.g., lavatories and flushing urinals) upstream of the HETs and (b) providing for drainline slopes of greater than 1-percent.

Read the full text of their cautionary note here. 

EPA Office of Water Releases Climate Change Strategy

Assistant Administrator of the EPA Ben Grumbles has announced the release of the National Water Program Strategy: Response to Climate Change. This report explores the likely impacts of climate change on our nation's water resources and our clean water and safe drinking water programs. The report also describes 40 actions that will be taken by the National Water Program to adapt to climate change. The full report can be downloaded here.

2008 WaterSense Partners of the Year Honored

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recognized four WaterSense partners for their outstanding accomplishments in increasing water efficiency across the country over the last year. The first WaterSense Partner of the Year awards were presented at the WaterSmart Innovations Conference and Exposition in Las Vegas, Nevada in October.

Al Dietemann received WaterSense award“WaterSense commends The Saving Water Partnership, Kohler, Ferguson, and Tim Malooly for achievements in the water-efficiency arena,” said Benjamin H. Grumbles, EPA’s assistant administrator for water. “With their help, WaterSense is transforming how Americans view water and is helping millions use it more efficiently.”

While WaterSense depends on the efforts of more than 1,000 partners to help save water for future generations, four exceptional partners earned this special distinction from EPA for promoting water-efficiency awareness and taking actions in the last year:

  • Promotional Partner of the Year: The Saving Water Partnership (Seattle Public Utilities and 17 local utilities)
  • Manufacturer Partner of the Year: Kohler Co.
  • Retailer and Distributor Partner of the Year: Ferguson
  • Irrigation Partner of the Year: Timothy Malooly of Shorewood, Minn.

These organizations and individual represent the best of WaterSense’s four partner categories. The Saving Water Partnership is a collaboration between Seattle Public Utilities and 17 participating local water utilities. Kohler Co. is a leading bathroom and kitchen product manufacturer. Ferguson is one of the country’s largest wholesale distributors of plumbing supplies. Timothy Malooly is a WaterSense irrigation partner and president of two Minnesota-based irrigation firms: Irrigation Consultants & Control and Irrigation By Design.

AWE Board Member Al Dietemann (pictured at right) received the award on behalf of the Saving Water Partnership. 

The 2008 Partners of the Year helped advance the WaterSense mission through a range of activities demonstrating creativity and collaboration, and promoting water efficiency from New York City’s Times Square to the Minnesota Zoological Garden. Three of the winning organizations have also worked together to educate plumbers and consumers on the benefits of WaterSense labeled products.

In addition the State of Arizona was honored for their efforts in dramatically increasing participation of water utilities and other entities in the WaterSense program.  Marjie Risk of the Arizona Statewide Office of Water Conservation was on hand in Las Vegas to receive the award.

WaterSense, a partnership program launched in 2006 by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, seeks to protect the future of our nation's water supply by offering people a simple way to use less water.

The WaterSmart Innovations Conference and Exposition was the first national water-efficiency conference for an interdisciplinary audience. The conference was being hosted by Southern Nevada Water Authority in partnership with EPA’s WaterSense program at the South Point Hotel in Las Vegas, Nev.

Learn more about 2008 WaterSense Partner of the Year awards here. 

Oregon Approves Graywater Use

OregonOregon’s Department of Consumer and Business Services’ Building Codes Division has approved the use of wastewater conservation (graywater reuse) systems for commercial and industrial buildings.

The division, in July, approved two methods of water conservation for residential buildings that allow homeowners to harvest and reuse wastewater. Now, commercial and industrial building owners can install systems to reuse treated wastewater for the purpose of flushing toilets and urinals, which could reduce potable water consumption by 30 percent in commercial buildings.

Oregon is now on a short list of states – including California, Washington, Ohio, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Hawaii – that allow builders and homeowners to install wastewater conservation systems.

Tucson Passes Rainwater Harvesting Ordinance for Commercial Properties

tuscon cactusThe city of Tucson, Arizona is the first municipality in the country to require developers of commercial properties to harvest rainwater for landscaping.

The new water-saving measure -- approved by a unanimous vote by the City Council -- mandates that new developments meet 50 percent of their landscaping water requirements by capturing rainwater. The new rule goes into effect June 1, 2010.

Though environmentalists had pushed for a 100 percent requirement and a stakeholder group convened by the city at one point considered a 75 percent requirement, the city settled on the 50 percent recommendation after developers expressed concern that a higher percentage would have required the installation of expensive cistern systems.

The ordinance is intended to boost water conservation in arid Tucson, which receives about 12 inches of rainfall a year. It will also reduce stormwater runoff, said Brad Lancaster, a nationally recognized rainwater harvesting expert who lives in Tucson.

Download the Tucson Rainwater Ordinance here. Learn more about the rules of rainwater harvesting in the western U.S. here. 

Georgia Limits Local Drought Response

In an effort to regularize drought response across water supply regions in Georgia, the state has enacted a new law that prohibits local governments from enacting outdoor water use restrictions that are more stringent than those adopted by the state.  House Bill 1281 requires cities and counties to adopt the state's generally more relaxed outdoor watering restrictions or get permission from the Environmental Protection Division to impose rules tougher than the state's. Georgia has faced severe drought conditions recently and outdoor watering bans have severely impacted the landscape industry.

HB 1281, signed into law by Governor Sonny Perdue, also rewrites the Water Supply Act of 1989 to turn reservoir building over to the Georgia Environmental Facilities Authority, which currently helps local governments finance water and sewer projects.  The bill would create a new state agency called the Water Supply Division, within GEFA.

The bill also prohibits any restrictions on filling outdoor swimming pools, unless water supplies for human consumption, crop irrigation or industrial use are threatened.

“Homeowners, landscape professionals and other Georgia water users are capable of using water responsibly if they are aware that water is a limited resource,” said Mary Kay Woodworth, President of the Urban Agriculture Council. “But it is nearly impossible when faced with conflicting water regulations issued by various water authorities. This law is an important first step in restoring fairness, equity and responsible water stewardship to our state.”

Others took a dimmer view of the new law.  Todd Edwards, a lobbyist for the Association County Commissioners of Georgia, said the bill handcuffs local governments.

"I can't believe the state has more knowledge of our water systems and our capacities than our local governments do," Edwards said.

Home Depot Offers Water Conservation Information and Rebate Locator

The Home Deport Eco Options program now features information on water conservation.

Home Depot also offers a national toilet rebate locator here. 

American Standard Creates Water Savings Calculator and Rebate Locator

To help consumers learn more about water conservation and how many dollars they can save by converting to various water-efficient fixtures and faucets, American Standard offers a new Water Savings Calculator and Rebate Locator, found here. The Rebate Locator lists current water conservation rebates available throughout the United States, and will be updated regularly as new local and regional incentives become available.

North Carolina Drought Creeps Northward

drought monitorThe drought that has plagued North Carolina and the rest of the Deep South for more than a year is creeping northward, and officials in multiple states are restricting outdoor burning in the face of water shortages and forest fire risks from falling leaves and tinder-dry conditions.

Most of Western North Carolina remains in extreme drought conditions, the second-worst possible, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. Extreme drought conditions have now spread into Kentucky, and severe conditions have returned to West Virginia and southwest Virginia.

Read more about the situation here. 

American Rivers Releases Report, "Hidden Reservoir: Why water efficiency is the best solution for the Southeast"

Metro Atlanta could save over $700 million and up to one third of its water supply by embracing water efficiency solutions like stopping leaks and upgrading old buildings according to a new report, “Hidden Reservoir: why water efficiency is the best solution for the Southeast” by American Rivers, a leading national river conservation organization. The report outlines nine proven, timely and cost-effective steps that local leaders can take to save water and help ensure their rivers remain valuable community assets.

Water efficiency is the most cost-effective water supply solution, far cheaper than getting supply through new dams. Metro Atlanta can save between $300 and $700 million by choosing water efficiency over new dam construction according to the report.

“Water efficiency is the 21st century solution to the drought-stricken Southeast’s water problems and must be the backbone of the region’s water supply plan,” said Rebecca Wodder, president of American Rivers.

To learn more about the report and to obtain a copy visit: www.americanrivers.org/waterefficiencyreport.

IPCC Releases Climate Change and Water Report

IPPC report coverThe Nobel Prize winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has received its Technical Paper VI, Climate Change and Water.

According to the report, “Observational records and climate projections provide abundant evidence that freshwater resources are vulnerable and have the potential to be strongly impacted by climate change, with wide-ranging consequences for human societies and ecosystems.”

Here are a few bullets:

  • There are knowledge gaps in terms of observations and research needs related to climate change and water.
  • Integrated demand-side and supply-side strategies should be part of adaptation options designed to ensure water supply during average and drought conditions.
  • Water resources management clearly impacts on many other policy areas.
  • Globally, the negative impacts of climate change on freshwater systems are expected to outweigh the benefits.
  • Hydrologic stationarity is likely no longer a useful concept.
  • Current water management practices may not be robust enough to cope with the impacts of climate change.
  • By 2050 or so, high-latitude and some wet-tropical areas will see increasing average stream runoff and water availability; the converse will be true in the dry tropics and some mid-latitude dry regions.

Download the executive summary here. 

Download the full report here. 

Colorado Issues Two Water and Climate Change Reports

Colorado colorThe Colorado Water Conservation Board (CWCB) has released a report titled, “Colorado Climate Change: A Synthesis to Support Water Resource Management and Adaptation.” The report focuses on observed trends and projections of temperature, precipitation, snow and runoff. The report was released in connection with the Governor’s Conference on Managing Drought and Climate Risk held in Denver.

“This report provides the physical science basis to support Governor Ritter’s Climate Action Plan and state efforts to develop water adaptation plans to respond to changes in climate that cannot be avoided,” said Jennifer Gimbel, Director of the CWCB. This new scientific assessment of Colorado climate change was prepared by the Western Water Assessment (WWA), a University of Colorado-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration partnership, and included scientists from the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, the CU Cooperative Institute for Research into Environmental Sciences, and Colorado State University Colorado Climate Center.

According to observations cited in the report, Colorado’s temperature has increased about 2° F in the past 30 years.  Across the Western U.S., the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is responsible for about 1° F of this warming, according to modeling studies, and the remaining increase may be due to natural variation.

Learn more and download the full report here. 

A second report titled, Citizens Guide to Colorado Climate Change has been released by the Colorado Foundation for Water Education.  In this report, climate Scientists Brad Udall and Nolan Doesken, along with several other experts, explore the possible impacts of climate change on water supply, recreation, agriculture and environmental health in Colorado. The Guide includes up-to-date information on the strengths and weaknesses of climate models, historic perspectives on climate variability, and alternative viewpoints on climate change research. It is a concise primer on climate variability, its effects on different resource areas, and management strategies to cope with change.  Learn more and obtain a copy here. 

Water Efficiency for Building Managers Outlined

building logoSo, what can a facility manager do to conserve water? According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), commercial buildings consume 88 percent of the potable water in the United States. Facility managers have a unique opportunity to make a huge impact on overall U.S. water consumption. Benchmarking a facility's water use and implementing measures to improve overall efficiency is a good start.  Learn more here in an article from Buildings.com:. 

New Environment America Report Looks at Conservation Potential in the Southwest

chilli peppersA new report from Environment America finds that water efficiency could save up to 5.7 million acre-feet of water per year in the Southwest.   Without a dramatic change from business as usual, the Southwest’s water scarcity problem will only get worse according to the report. The population in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah grew by 2.3 percent between 2006 and 2007. At that rate, there would be twice as many people in the region by 2040. Scientists predict that global warming will decrease rainfall and increase temperatures in the Southwest, further exacerbating the problem.

By using existing water efficient technologies and adopting effective programs to conserve water region-wide, six states in the Southwest could save as much as 5.7 million acre-feet of water per year.

Learn more and download the report here. 

Australian Researchers Publish Water Wastage of Instantaneous Gas Water Heaters Study

Eight types of instantaneous gas water heaters were tested to determine the quantity of water which flowed through the test unit from the time the unit was turned on until the time the flow from its outlet reached an appropriate temperature differential relative to the final steady state temperature of the water. 

The study found that instantaneous gas water heaters wasted substantial quantities of water and there were significant differences between water heaters in respect to the quantity of water wastage – enough to warrant these products being considered for inclusion in the Australian national product labeling program. Under some (normal) conditions it was found that at the 5°C and 1°C temperature differentials, 64.6 L and 93.1 L of water was wasted daily.

Download the full study results here. 

Australian Water Efficiency Clearinghouse On-line

The Clearwater InfoExchange, an Australian water conservation resource library, offers access to conservation information, facts, and research.

The resource library is updated regularly and includes case studies, technical guidelines, training manuals, fact sheets, world leading research papers and more.  Check it out at -


New Documentary on Water in the Southwest Plays on PBS

The new documentary, The American Southwest: Are We Running Dry, about drought and water management hosted and narrated by actress Jane Seymour, premiered at the WaterSmart Innovations Conference and is now playing on various PBS stations. The film covers conservation, land use planning, and how relentless drought and low precipitation have depleted water levels on vital sources throughout the western United States, such as Lake Powell, Lake Mead, the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta system, the Rio Grande and the Colorado River. Learn more about the film here:  http://www.runningdry.org.  View the trailer here: http://www.runningdry.org/americansouthwest/trailer.html

"I wanted to alert Americans that we have a water crisis in our own backyard," said executive producer Jim Thebaut. "One of the major solutions to the crisis is public and private partnerships, and that we must all work together."

AWE Board Member Tim Brick Re-Elected Chairman of Metropolitan Water Board of Directors

Tim BrickTim Brick, a founding and current board member of the Alliance for Water Efficiency, has been re-elected chairman of the Metropolitan Water Board of Directors.  Brick, whose leadership has helped guide one of the nation's largest regional water agency's response to unprecedented supply and financial challenges, was unanimously re-elected today as chairman of the board of directors of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California.

Brick has been the city of Pasadena's representative on the MWD board since June 1985 and the longest tenured MWD board member.  He will begin his second two-year term as chairman Jan. 1, 2009.

"As we scan the horizon for what the water future holds, Metropolitan is facing unparalleled challenges to the reliability and availability of our imported water supplies because of drought, along with the unpredictability of financial markets throughout the nation and worldwide," Brick said.

Learn more about Brick and his prestigious re-election here - http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/timothy-f-brick-re-elected-chairman/story.aspx?guid={54910026-C94B-43AA-B035-80F407969DE2}&dist=hppr

Scientific American Special Issue: Earth 3.0

 Scientific American's special issue titled “Earth 3.0” is now on newsstands. Energy and Water are primary themes, and there is a featured article titled "Water vs. Energy" that explores the interconnectedness and scarcity of the two commodities. There are a number of other very interesting articles in this special issue. Learn more about Earth 3.0 here. 

Auckland Residential Water Use Study Results Published

A new residential end use study conducted in Auckland, New Zealand found indoor per capita use to be 47.3 gallons per person per day in summer and 46.2 gpcd in winter.  Conducted by Mathias Heinrich, this study and previous work done on the Kapati Coast comprise the best available end use studies from New Zealand.  Download the full study report here. 

Green Home Improvement Book Offers Advice for Do-It-Yourselfers

Over the past 30 years, Dan Chiras retrofitted three homes to make them as energy-efficient and resource-efficient as humanly possible. He has worked with healthy, environmentally friendly paints, stains, and finishes. He has installed insulation and caulked and weather stripped to cut energy use. He has installed homemade interior storm windows. He has installed a solar hot water system and a solar electric system. Now he has written the book Green Home Improvement to help mainstream America green up its act.

Green Home Improvement contains 65 practical and affordable projects inside and outside the home. These projects are designed to reduce resource consumption, reduce pollution, create healthier homes, and build a greener world -- all the while saving money.

The book is available at Amazon.com or you can order an autographed copy from Dan Chiras directly by sending him an e-mail request.

World Toilet Summit Held in Macao November 4 – 6

There are an estimated 2.5 billion people who remain without proper sanitation facilities worldwide. To achieve the Millennium Development Goal target to halve the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015, the UN General Assembly has declared 2008 the International Year of Sanitation.

With the purpose of accelerating the progress on sanitation issues, members of the global community need to openly discuss pertinent issues, implement new policies and achieve measurable targets. United Nations agencies, regional and international organizations, civil society groups and other relevant stakeholders from all countries, have important and functional roles to play in relieving the world of this silent humanitarian crisis.

In support of the United Nations International Year of Sanitation, the World Toilet Organization presents the World Toilet Summit this November in Macao.  Learn more here: http://www.worldtoiletevents.com/

Starbucks Taken to Task for Water Waste

Starbucks Corp. is scrambling to test new ways to disinfect the spoons it uses to prepare drinks, after a British tabloid accused the coffee company of wasting 6.2 million gallons of water per day.

The Sun's investigation, titled "The great drain robbery," has generated disgust at Starbucks from environmentalists around the world. Besides wasting water, the practice also appears to contradict Starbucks' boasted commitment to environmental responsibility.  Starbucks is not alone in its disinfecting methods, and other food service establishments could also reduce water use through a different methodology.  Learn more about the Sun article here. 

Learn more about the dipper well technology currently utilized by Starbucks and others here. 

Americans Use Bathroom Time for Multi-Tasking

in the bathroomA new study from American Standard find that Americans taking care of business in the bathroom in more ways than one including checking e-mail, using cell phones, and listing to i-pods.  All while striving to conserve water. Read about what’s happening in American bathrooms here.  http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/show/american-standard-bathroom-habits-survey,511260.shtml

Product News

The Alliance for Water Efficiency is pleased to provide news of emerging products in the marketplace.  Please note that the listing of any product or link herein is informational only and does not guarantee that the listed product has been tested or certified in any way.  Products that have received approved third party verification of savings and performance will be posted as we learn about them on a soon-to-be-developed Alliance products web page.

The following new and interesting products came to our attention recently:

http://www.geisermiser.com/ - device that used the Bernoulli principle to shut off flow to a broken sprinkler head when demand exceeds 6 gallons per minute.

http://www.leakbeeper.com/ - toilet leak detection device.

www.Jet-StreamShowerhead.net – 2.0 and 1.5 gpm showerhead products.

http://www.itjustmakessense.net/ - showerhead with shutoff device.

Water Web Sites of Note

Flush It Spend a few moments watching the trailer for this powerful documentary produced by WORLDwrite volunteers about water, development, international equity, and the history of public water supply. 

NYC Water Mural

NYC Water Is the Life MuralThis mural can be seen in person at one of the Third Water Tunnel shaft locations in Brooklyn, NY.

“Water Wars” a Bad Sign of the Times – Bottled vs. tap water and public vs. private.  Twain got it right – water is for fighting. 

Miami-Dade Anti-Bottled Water Advertisements Draw Nestle Ire - The multi-national conglomerate was unhappy about radio spots that question the quality of unregulated bottled water.

2008 EnergySTAR Appliance Partner Presentations Available On-line  Find out the latest on EnergySTAR appliances.

Some Bottled Water Toxicity Levels Found to Exceed Allowable Limits - Recent tests found that some bottled water brands do not always maintain the consistency of quality and, in some cases, contain toxic byproducts that exceed state safety standards, tests from the Environmental Research Group show.

Water Wars – Averting a Tragedy in Asia - Asia could be ground-zero for future struggles over water resources.  In-depth coverage and analysis on averting this crisis is offered at this site.

What is the Value of Tap Water? - Try to imagine modern life without it.  This opinion piece from Georgia contemplates the question.

Brits Celebrate Water Conservation for Energy Saving Week - Water and energy are related.  Folks in the UK are getting the message.

Toilet themed restaurant in Taipei, Taiwan.  - This must be seen to be believed. 

How to Submit Content for Water Efficiency Watch

Water Efficiency Watch welcomes submission of articles, photos, stories, commentary, new technologies, web links, etc.  Please e-mail your submission to Peter Mayer – mayer@aquacraft.com.

DISCLAIMER: The Alliance for Water Efficiency reports on research and information as a service. This should not be considered an explicit or implicit endorsement of any product, service, research effort, analysis, etc. unless specifically so indicated.