Yukon - 2012 Policy Information  Yukon

The Yukon, one of three territories in Canada, is sparsely populated (approximately 30,000) with the major population centres being Whitehorse (pop. 22,898) and Dawson City (pop. 1,250).  Some of the outlying communities receive bulk water delivery but the major city centres have water infrastructure in place.  Yukon citizens are reportedly some of the higher per capita water users in the country.  There are several factors leading to over-consumption such as the lack of efficient technologies and behavioural patters.  But a leading factor is due to the cold, long winters when water is constantly pumped through distribution pipes to prevent freezing. Due to the sparse population, government priorities to date have not focused on water conservation or efficiency. 

Use the links below to jump to a specific question:

Q1. Agencies Q9. Permitting Q17. Technical Assistance
Q2. Toilet Regulations   Q10. Drought Plans Q18. Volumetric Billing  
Q3. Showerhead Regulations Q11. Conservation Plans Q19. Metered Connections 
Q4. Urinal Regulations Q12. Authority to Approve Plans Q20. ET Microclimate Information  
Q5. Clothes Washer Regulations Q13. Plan Update Frequency Q21. Efficiency Strategy
Q6. PRSV Regulations Q14. Planning Framework Q22. Alternative Sources
Q7. Building or Plumbing Codes Q15. Implementation Requirements Additional Information
Q8. Water Loss Q16. Funding for Conservation

 

 

 

 

 



  1. What provincial ministry, department or agencies are in charge of drinking water conservation/efficiency?

    Yukon Water Board

    The Yukon Water Board is an independent administrative tribunal established under the Waters Act (2003).   The Board is responsible for the issuance of licences for the use of water and/or the deposit of waste into water.  Water licences are issued for a variety of undertakings.
     
  2. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for toilets that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    Neither the federal nor Yukon governments have a regulation for toilets at the point of sale.

  3. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for showerheads that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    Neither the federal nor Yukon governments have a regulation for showerheads at the point of sale.

    Although provincial building and plumbing codes can require water efficiency standards in new construction and renovations, there is to date no federal regulation for mandating the water consumption/efficiency of showerheads at the point of sale.
     
  4. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for urinals that is more stringent than the federal standard?

    Neither the federal nor Yukon governments have a regulation for urinals at the point of sale.

    Although provincial building and plumbing codes can require water efficiency standards in new construction and renovations, there is to date no federal regulation for mandating the water consumption/efficiency of urinals at the point of sale.
      
  5. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for clothes washers that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    No.

    Minimum water efficiency standards for commercial and residential clothes washers are established through Canada’s Energy Efficiency Regulations, limiting the Minimum Modified Energy Factor to greater than 35.68 L/kwh/cycle for capacity > 45 Land to greater than 18.4 L/kWh/cycle for capacities < 45 L.

  6. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for pre-rinse spray valves that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    No.

    Minimum water efficiency standards for pre-rinse spray valves are established through Canada’s Energy Efficiency Regulations, limiting the flow rate to less than 6.1 litres per minute at 60 Psi water pressure as of January 1, 2012.

  7. Does the province have mandatory building or plumbing codes requiring water efficient products that exceed the federal standard? 

    No.

    The Yukon enforces the National Building Code and Plumbing Code and has adopted the 2010 Code.

    The National Building and Plumbing Codes of Canada are the model codes. They are issued by the Institute for Research and Construction (IRC), a part of the National Research Council of Canada. As model codes, they have no legal status until it is adopted by a jurisdiction that regulates construction. The Provinces and Territories of Canada are allowed to adopt parts or all of the code and to alter the code as they see fit.
    As of 2010 the National Plumbing Code does not explicitly mandate the use of water efficient fixtures – instead it references the CSA B45 standards that dictate maximum flush volumes for toilets of 6 litres and 3.8 Lpf for urinals and CSA B125 that dictates maximum flow rates of 8.3 Lpm for residential lavatory and kitchen faucets, 1.9 Lpm for public (non residential bathrooms that are exposed to walk-in traffic) lavatory faucets, 9.5 Lpm for showerheads, and 6 Lpm for commercial pre-rinse spray valves. Specifically, the National Plumbing Code permits rainwater (referred to as storm sewage in the code) or greywater that is free of solids to be used for the flushing of toilets, urinals, directly connected. 
     
  8. Does the province have any regulations or policies for water utilities regarding water loss in the utility distribution system?  

    No. 

  9. Does the province require conservation activities as part of its water permitting process or water right permit?

    No.

    No authorization or monitoring is required for domestic use of water (see section 6 of Waters Act Schedule 8 of regulation).  When applying for a license to carry out water takings, an applicant is required to provide a detailed description of any potential impacts to water quality, quantity, rate of flow including seasonal rate of flow, and any mitigating measures that have been incorporated into the 
     proposed plan.   
     
  10. Does the province require preparation of drought emergency plans by water utilities or cities on any prescribed schedule?  

    No.

    Under the Government of Yukon Climate Change Strategy (2006) the government created the Yukon Climate Change Action Plan (2009).  One action item in the Strategy is the Yukon Water Resources Risk and Vulnerability Assessment that will inform future initiatives.

  11. Does the province have a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation/efficiency separate from drought emergency plans?   

    No.

  12. Does the province have the authority to approve or reject the conservation plans? 

    N/A because no plans are required.
     
  13. How often does the province require the water utilities to submit a potable water conservation plan (not part of a drought emergency plan)? 

    N/A because no plans are required.

  14. If the province has a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation separate from drought emergency plans, is there a framework or prescribed methodology?

    N/A because no plans are required.
     
     
  15. Does the province require water utilities to implement conservation measures, beyond just the preparation and submittal of plans? 

    N/A because no plans are required.

  16. Does the province offer financial assistance to utilities, cities, or counties for urban water conservation programs such as a revolving loan fund? Grants? Bonds? Appropriations?  Bonds?  Appropriations?

    Yes.

    Environment Yukon runs a program that enhances the efforts of groups and clubs to educate the public about the Yukon’s natural environment, promote conservation and biodiversity, and encourage sustainable use of fish and wildlife, and their habitat.  The fund provides $30,000/year with up to $5,000 per eligible project.

    The provincial ministry of Energy, Mines, and Resources also provides rebates for energy star labeled clothes washers and dishwaters through the “Good Energy Program.”

    Canada does not have a revolving fund for infrastructure loans. Federally, the Green Municipal Fund (GMF) administered by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) provides grants for up to 50% of project costs, or below-market, low interest loans of up to 80% of project costs. FCM is an advocacy organization; however the Government of Canada endowed the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) with $550 million to establish the GMF program.

    The GMF funds municipal projects and studies, which have included feasibility studies of water conservation programs, water distribution system leak detection and control projects, plumbing retrofit programs, wastewater recycling, and sustainable community plans involving water conservation. In 2011, water conservation projects that reduce water use by more than 20% are a funding focus.

    The Building Canada plan is the primary mechanism in Canada for funding water and wastewater infrastructure, and encompasses a number of funds including provincial and municipal base funding, gas tax funds, and the Building Canada fund. Over half of the funding under the Building Canada plan is provided as base funding to municipalities, and the funds are generally administered by the provinces. The Building Canada fund promotes long-term funding of water infrastructure projects, including projects designed to improve conservation of water. Funding focuses on improved treatment standards that emphasize the protection of human health. The projects are required to be supported by measures that improve the management of sources of drinking water, reduce demands, and improve the management of drinking water infrastructure.

    All projects are cost shared, generally in equal thirds between federal/provincial/municipal governments. The Building Canada fund operates through two components: the Major Infrastructure Component (MIC) that targets large strategic projects of national and regional significance, and the Communities Component that focuses on projects in communities with populations of less than 100,000.

    To date, funded projects have focused on centralized infrastructure as opposed to conservation efforts, with the exception of metering. Capital cost funding projects must result in a tangible capital asset. Planning costs are also eligible, which could potentially support the development of water conservation plans.
     
  17. Does the province offer technical assistance for urban water conservation programs? 

    No.
       
     
  18. Does the province require volumetric billing?

    No.
     
     
  19. What percentage or number of publicly supplied water connections (residential and nonresidential) are metered in your province?

    44.2% residential and 95.9% commercial for the territories.

    Municipal Water Use 2009 Summary Tables 

  20. Does the province provide ET microclimate information for urban landscapes? 

    No. 

  21. Does the province have a water conservation and efficiency strategy?

    No.

  22. Does the province have standards for alternative water sources?

    No.

    Additional Information:
     

    Yukon (2007) Drinking Water Regulations

    Yukon (2003) Waters Act

    Yukon Govt. (2009) Climate Change Plan

    Yukon (2002) Public Health Act

    Environment Canada (2011) 2009 Municipal Water Use Statistics

    Environment Canada (2011) Municipal Water Pricing Report

    Gibbon, W (2008) Who uses water-saving fixtures in the home - Canada