Water Efficiency Watch

News from the Alliance for Water Efficiency


Water Efficiency Watch is the online newsletter of the Alliance for Water Efficiency, edited by Peter Mayer

In this issue of Water Efficiency Watch...

Water Efficiency Rebate Amendment Introduced, AWE Urges Support

congressSenator Ron Wyden (D-OR) has drafted a water efficiency retrofit rebate amendment to the Silver Star section of S. 3177, the Home Star Energy Retrofit Act of 2010. 

If encacted, Senator Wyden’s amendment would do the following:

  • Add a water efficiency retrofit rebate program to the Silver Star section of the Home Star program.
  • Make rebates available for all WaterSense certified products intended for residential use - toilets, showerheads and lavatory faucets.
  • Make rebates available for the services of WaterSense certified irrigation contractor.
  • Additional details available here.

The Home Star bill was introduced in the Senate on March 25, 2010 by Senator Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) and referred to the Senate Committee on Finance. This bill, with the Wyden Amendment, would represent an historic opportunity to improve both water and energy efficiency while stimulating job growth. 

The House of Representatives passed their Home Star Energy Retrofit bill, H.R. 5019 on May 6, 2010.  Unfortunately, while the House bill provides incentives to consumers to make their homes more energy efficient it contains no incentives for water efficient products.

With just a few days remaining before the Senate's Memorial Day recess it remains unclear when the Home Star bill will be marked-up, but interested AWE members should make their voices heard soon.  AWE urges support for the WYDEN AMENDMENT TO THE HOME STAR RETROFIT REBATE PROGRAM which adds WaterSense-certified products and services to the Home Star Energy Retrofit Act of 2010.  Please copy Chairman Bingaman and Senator Wyden all messages of support.  Also, it is especially important to reach out to the members of the Energy and Natural Resources Committee --  six of whom sit on the Finance Committee as well as the Energy and Natural Resources Committee (Senators Bingaman, Wyden, Cantwell, Menendez, Lincoln, and Stabenow. ) 

Learn more here.

New Study Compares Water Demand and Price

Circle-of-blue-logoAdapted from Circle of Blue.  A recent survey of pricing and residential water use in 30 metropolitan regions in the United States found that some cities in rain-scarce regions have the lowest residential water rates and the highest level of water use. A family of four using 100 gallons per person each day will pay on average $34.29 a month in Phoenix compared to $65.47 for the same amount in Boston.  Conducted by Circle of Blue, the survey found that average daily residential water use ranged from a low of 41 gallons per person in Boston to a high of 211 gallons per person in Fresno, Calif.

The Circle of Blue survey includes data on water rates and water usage from the 20 largest U.S. cities, according to the 2000 Census, and ten regionally representative cities to gain a broad view of urban water pricing. The survey comes as municipal water departments and their customers across the country contend with the ironic and unintended consequence of the economic recession and water conservation. In most major cities water use is declining while rates charged to residential customers are rising.

The effect of the crossing trends is less severe in Chicago, Detroit and Milwaukee, where municipal water is supplied by the lakes and prices range from $24.12 to $28.36.

“The reason why rates are so low in the Great Lakes region is proximity to abundant water,” said Nick Schroeck, executive director of the Great Lakes Environmental Law Center in Detroit. “Moving water takes an extraordinary amount of energy. Energy costs are higher in arid regions where water has to be brought from far away. For us, you look at the larger cities, and they are right on one of the lakes. It’s easy to get water to the population centers.”

Even though prices are comparatively low, rates in the Great Lakes region have increased in recent years because of declining consumption. Most of that decrease is attributed to the loss of industrial activity, though shrinking urban populations and personal frugality are also factors.

Read the full article here.

Graywater Impact “Modest” – AWWA White Paper

While the future looks bright for the expanded use of graywater in the urban sector, the overall impact of graywater on municipal demands will likely be modest even under the most aggressive growth scenarios according to a new white paper from the American Water Works Association (AWWA), the Water Environment Federation, and the Water Reuse Foundation.

There are few if any health issues associated with graywater according to the report.  The author of the white paper, Bahman Sheikh, found “no case of any disease” caused by exposure to graywater in the U.S., although “systematic research on this public health issue is virtually nonexistent. 

In the white paper Mr. Sheikh concludes that both predominant caricatures of graywater as either a “panacea for water shortages…and climate change” or as a “threat to health and safety” are inaccurate although each contains and element of truth.  Homeowners and businesses that install a graywater system may save a “significant amount of potable water (and its costs)” however the payback period exceeds the useful life of the system according to the white paper.  The white paper acknowledges that untreated graywater has a high microbial content and could conceivably cause illness and disease, however no such case has even been documented.

Download a free copy the white paper here.

Parched Montana Anticipates Summer Drought

MontanaWestern Montana, already parched by drought, appears headed for a summer of diminished water supplies, as well as river flows trickling at well below normal.  Ray Nickless, a hydrologist at the National Weather Service in Missoula, cautioned the region could see "possibly record low streamflow on some rivers," in addition to "below normal water supplies."

The winter snowpack is just a fraction of the norm, as a strong El Nino system has for months funneled precipitation into the American Southwest rather than the northern mountains.

In the Bitterroot River basin, Nickless said snowpack is "eerily similar to 2005," when the pack dipped to record lows.

"We're way below the average," he said, "and we're close to the minimum on record."

Snowpack is just 59 percent of average in the Bitterroot, he said, and is similarly diminished in the Lower Clark Fork basin.  The Upper Clark Fork River basin is faring just a bit better, at 70 percent of average, while both the Kootenai and Flathead basins are approaching the 75 percent mark.  Those snowpack measurements tend to be slightly higher than the dry winter of 2005, but lower than the drought year of 2001.

Embedded Water Study Measures the Water Required to Make Things

How many gallons of water does it take to produce $1 worth of coffee, cat food, or cheese?  A comprehensive new study on the embedded water of American industry answers these and other questions about the amount of water it takes to produce products.  The study, which could lead to better ways to conserve water, is in the American Chemical Society’s Environmental Science & Technology , a semi-monthly journal.

Author Chris Hendrickson and colleagues note that industry (including agriculture) long has been recognized as the biggest consumer of water in the United States. However, estimates of water consumption on an industry-by-industry basis are incomplete and outdated, with the last figures from the U.S. Census Bureau dating to 1982.

In the report, the authors estimated water use among more than 400 industry sectors -- from finished products to services -- using a special computer model. The new data shows that most water use by industry occurs indirectly as a result of processing, such as packaging and shipping food crops to the supermarket, rather than direct use, such as watering crops. Among the findings for consumer products: It takes almost 270 gallons of water to produce $1 worth of sugar; 200 gallons of water to make $1 worth of dog and cat food; and 140 gallons of water to make $1 worth of milk.

"The study gives a way to look at how we might use water more efficiently and allows us to hone in on the sectors that use the most water so we can start generating ideas and technologies for better management," the authors said.  Learn more about the new ACS embedded water study here.

UN Report Documents Corporate Water Accounting

PI-Corp-water-accountingEffective business water accounting methods are critical for sustainable water management, according to the new Pacific Institute report Corporate Water Accounting: an Analysis of Methods and Tools for Measuring Water Use and Its Impact, prepared for the United Nations Environment Programme and the CEO Water Mandate. According to the report, current methods are a good start for measuring water use and impacts, but they are inadequate for benchmarking. Advancing effective and coordinated accounting methods for corporate water use and impacts is essential to help companies identify risk, drive improvement, and address stakeholders’ needs.

The new report for the first time pulls together the main water accounting tools being used by the private sector and suggests where accounting methods might benefit from harmonization and increased field testing. The report focuses on the four primary methods and tools in use today: Water Footprint Network’s “Water Footprint”; Life Cycle Assessment; WBCSD’s Global Water Tool; and GEMI’s Water Sustainability Tools.

Concerns about growing water scarcity, lack of access to water to meet basic human needs, degraded ecosystem function, and the implications of climate change have brought water to the forefront as a strategic concern for companies around the world. Corporate water accounting allows consumers, civil society groups, and the investment community to compare different companies’ social and environmen­tal impacts in order to inform their actions and decision making.   Download the Full Report here.

Denver Water Chief Chips Barry Dies in Tragic Accident

Chips-BarryHamlet “Chips” Barry, the CEO of Denver Water, the state’s largest utility, died on May 2 after a tractor rolled on top of him while he was mowing on his farm in Hawaii, the agency said.  Barry, 66, had been the head of Denver Water since 1991 and was set to retire in a few weeks.

“We are greatly saddened by the news,” said Penfield Tate, president of the Denver Board of Water Commissioners.

When Barry took over Denver water, federal regulators had just dealt the utility a stunning setback, vetoing the $1 billion Two Forks project, a massive dam and reservoir the utility wanted to build in the mountains southwest of Denver.

Barry guided Denver Water through a radical transformation and thanks to his leadership Denver Water today is viewed as a collaborator with other districts and environmentalists, an advocate for conservation and a pioneer in scouting the effects of climate change.

"One of the great minds of modern Western water," Patty Mulroy, general manager of the Las Vegas Valley Water District, said of Barry. He broke down a culture of hostility among competing water utilities and looked for ways they could cooperate, she said.

Experts also give Barry credit for being among the first executives of a major water provider to consider the potential effects of climate change.

A celebration of Barry’s life and work will be held in Denver on May 21.

EPA to Require Green Roofs in Washington, D.C.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced plans Wednesday to require "green roofs," rain barrels and other measures that trap runoff at new and redeveloped buildings in the District of Columbia, making the city a test case for an ambitious effort to stop pollution from flowing into rivers along with the rain.

The EPA's plan, contained in a proposed permit for the District's storm-sewer system, would require developers to trap 90 percent of the water that falls on a plot during a storm.  Water usually hits roofs and parking lots and runs into sewers, carrying trash and chemical pollutants. Under the permit, that water would be filtered naturally, through plants and dirt, or be caught in a receptacle for use watering plants.

If developers cannot make the changes, the EPA proposed, they would be required to pay for projects elsewhere.

In the EPA's plan, "you're using water on site as an asset, rather than a waste product," said Jon Capacasa, director of the water protection division of the EPA's mid-Atlantic regional office. He said the changes were part of a larger effort, begun with a presidential order last year, to improve the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. "The local water bodies need these levels of [storm water] control to be healthy," he said.

Wisconsin Water Star Launched

WaterStar WisconsinThe Wisconsin Water Star program was officially launched on Earth Day 2010. The purpose of the program is to recognize local governments that have made extraordinary efforts to protect Wisconsin’s water resources. These actions include implementing water conservation programs and enacting policies and practices that protect surface water and groundwater quality.

Suzanne Wade, a UW-Extension basin educator and Water Star program coordinator, says “I’m amazed at the local wisdom that municipal staff and elected officials have used in solving problems. Water Star celebrates the positive steps municipalities are taking and provides a way for them to share their good work.”

Cities, villages, towns, and counties that are in compliance with their water-related permits are eligible to apply. The application ranks more than 270 actions and sub-actions related to public lands, drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater management. Water Star recognizes differences among communities and each applicant is required to answer only those questions that apply to them.

Each Water Star community will receive a certificate of recognition, a special sign that announces the community as a program participant, access to electronic logos and promotional materials, a listing of their community on the program’s Web site, and guidance on how to improve their Water Star rating. For more information about Water Star, or to submit an application for your community, visit: http://www.waterstarwisconsin.org/.

DroughtScore.com Compares Drought Conditions in American Cities

Looking for a new place to live?  Are you worried about the water supply situation in your new locale?  A new web site – www.droughtscore.com – ranks US cities based on current drought risk.  Simply type in the name of your city or the zip code and out comes a drought score and ranking.  According to the site, the most drought endangered cities currently in the US are: Reno, NV; Provo, UT; Salt Lake City, UT; and Anaheim, CA.

The site was created by Bert Sperling who has made a cottage industry of helping people choose a nice place to live with his “Best Places” web site – www.bestplaces.net.  Sperling’s BestPlaces, puts facts about cities and living in on the web to help people “make decisions about best places to live, work, retire, play, or relocate.” The latest edition of Sperling’s best-selling “Cities Ranked and Rated” was released in May, 2007 and “Best Places to Raise your Family” was released in May, 2006.

New Canadian Report Highlights Water-Energy Nexus 

POLIS-reportThe Canadian POLIS Project on Ecological Governance has put out a new report on water and energy.  The interconnections between water and energy have been coined the “water–energy nexus.” Large volumes of water are required to generate energy - to power turbines in hydro-electric facilities, for cooling in thermal or nuclear energy plants, and to extract oil from tar sands. At the same time, large amounts of energy are required to pump, treat, heat and distribute water for urban, industrial and agricultural use and to collect and treat the resulting wastewater. Together, the two sides of the water-energy nexus are generating new research, policy proposals and public dialogue as society struggles to address the intersecting challenges of climate change, energy security and increasing water scarcity.   

POLIS' second report on the water-energy nexus offers Ontario’s first estimate of the large quantities of energy used to pump, treat and heat water and to generate steam. The study reveals that pumping and treating water and wastewater consumes enough energy to light every home in the province. In addition, heating water for activities such as showering and doing laundry was found to be the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the residential and commercial sectors because of the heavy reliance on fossil fuels. As a result of these findings, initiatives to support greater water conservation and efficiency could be a path to realizing future energy savings, to the benefit of municipalities, taxpayers and our environment. 

POLIS’ growing body of work, the first of its kind in Canada, suggests a significant untapped opportunity exists for water conservation to reduce energy, save municipal dollars and mitigate Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.  Learn more and get the report here.

Whirlpool to Introduce “Smart” Appliances

Whirlpool - Steam Laundry 3Whirlpool announced that by 2011 it will have “smart” appliances that can connect to smart meters and the smart grid.

Whirlpool representatives at the Alliance to Save Energy’s EE (Energy Efficiency) Global Forum in Washington, D.C. say the company will have its Energy Smart water heater, with an external hookup for connection to a smart meter, available by the end of 2010.  The company also says smart laundry appliances will be available in 2011.

Whirlpool has committed to making all its appliances “smart” by 2015. Smart appliances have the potential to save homeowners energy and money by receiving communications from local utilities and over the smart grid.

Part of the delay in manufacturing smart appliances, said Barry D. Wheeler, master technician of commercial home labs for Whirlpool, is making small enough “smart” hardware that communicates with a smart meter. Whirlpool appliances will likely have both Wi-Fi and ZigBee wireless technologies to connect to smart meters.

Wheeler said Whirlpool is planning to have on, off and delay modes so the appliance can turn on, off or delay a cycle depending on the information received from a utility. As part of smart grid programs, electric utilities may initiate demand response programs that turn off or turn down some home appliances during peak load periods to avoid brownouts - if the homeowner allows it and possibly for a discounted rate.

A smart clothes dryer, for example, could receive that information and delay its start to an off-peak time. It could also send an alert to the homeowner that a higher-tier pricing period is in effect - as a part of utilities going toward time-of-use or variable-rate pricing, in which electric rates would rise during peak usage periods like 3 pm to 8 pm.  Learn more here.

EPA Documents Climate Change Indicators in the United States

Collecting and interpreting environmental indicators play a critical role in our understanding of climate change and its causes. An indicator represents the state of certain environmental conditions over a given area and a specified period of time. Examples of climate change indicators include temperature, precipitation, sea level, and greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.

EPA's Climate Change Indicators in the United States (PDF) (80 pp, 13.2MB) report will help readers interpret a set of important indicators to better understand climate change. The report presents 24 indicators, each describing trends related to the causes and effects of climate change. It focuses primarily on the United States, but in some cases global trends are presented to provide context or a basis for comparison. EPA will use these indicators to collect data and generate analyses to: 

  • Monitor the effects/impacts of climate change in the United States
  • Assist decision–makers on how to best use policymaking and program resources to respond to climate change
  • Assist EPA and its constituents in evaluating the success of their climate change efforts

AWE/AWWA Host Water Efficiency Gala June 21 in Chicago

Shedd-AquariumThe Alliance for Water Efficiency and the AWWA Water Conservation Division are hosting a Water Efficiency Gala at the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago on June 21, 2010, in concurrence with the American Water Works Annual Conference and Exposition (ACE10). This promises to be a wonderful opportunity to network and socialize with water efficiency professionals from all over the United States and Canada. Please contact Molly at AWE by June 10 if your organization would like to become a sponsor. Details can be found on the sponsor flyer.

WaterSmart Innovations Announces Keynote Speakers

Best-selling author Steven Solomon and "natural capitalism" advocate Hunter Lovins will be keynote speakers at the third WaterSmart Innovations Conference and Exposition, slated for October 6-8, 2010 at the South Point Hotel and Conference Center in Las Vegas.

Lovins, president and founder of Natural Capitalism Solutions and co-founder of the Rocky Mountain Institute and California Conservation Society, will keynote the conference's opening session Wednesday, October 6.

Solomon, author of the best-selling book Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power and Civilization, will keynote the conference's luncheon on Thursday, October 7.

Earlybird registration for WaterSmart Innovations ends June 3.  Visit www.WaterSmartInnovations.com  for more information.

News Briefs and Web Links

  • California Water Plan Published - State water experts today announced publication of the California Water Plan Update 2009. The five-volume report is the newest, most comprehensive reference document on California water conditions, challenges and water resource management.  “The 2009 California Water Plan Update sets forth a blueprint for sustainability and forges a new direction for water management in California,” said Lester Snow, Secretary for Natural Resources. “Our new reality is one in which we must manage a resource characterized by uncertainty and vulnerability due to climate change and changing ecosystem needs.”  Learn more and download the plan here.
  • New Colorado Law Requires Builders to Offer Conservation Options – Builders in Colorado must offer buyers water conservation options for new homes under a new bill awaiting Governor Bill Ritter’s signature.  The new law requires every person that builds a new single-family detached residence for which a buyer is under contract to offer the buyer the opportunity to select one or more of the following water-smart home options for the residence including: HET toilets, low-flow faucets and showerheads, high efficiency dishwashers and clothes washers, waterwise landscaping in the front yard, and a pressure reducing valve.  The full text of the bill is available here.
  • British Columbia Updates Plumbing Code for Water Efficiency - The Government of British Columbia announced that it would be updating the BC Building Code in order to protect and preserve water by requiring the installation of high-efficiency toilets and urinals in new building and renovations. The Ontario Water Conservation Alliance congratulates the Government of BC for its progress on this issue and encourages the Ontario Government to consider similar changes to the Building Codes in this province.  Learn more here.
  • Smart Water Meters, Dumb Meters, No Meters – Peter Gleick: “How is it possible that a place like California, with such a long and painful history of water problems, remains so far behind the curve of smart water management? How is it really possible that things considered basic, fundamental, taken-for-granted in other places are still missing here? And are water managers and users so insular that they really think they're doing a good job with water?”  Read the full text of Peter Gleick’s blog post here.
  • Drought Response in LA Results in Water Main Breaks - The series of major water main breaks that occurred around Los Angeles last year was caused by the city's drought response efforts, which put too much pressure on the city's aging cast iron pipes, according to a city report.  A team of scientists charged with looking at the pipe breaks concluded that the city should rework its drought response plan, which limited the use of sprinklers to Mondays and Thursdays. One alternative would be to require odd/even water days.  “The bottom line is, you want to create a more even usage of water pressure so you don’t have a sudden drop of water pressure at a given time of the day,” said Jean-Pierre Bardet, a USC engineering professor who headed the report team.
  • A View from the Bench at IA Water Conference- Colorado Supreme Court Justice Gregory Hobbs will be the keynote speaker at IA's second annual Water Conference, July 13-14, in Williamsburg, VA.  Learn more about this event here.
  • Conference Presentations on Energy-Water Nexus – The US Energy Information Administration’s 2010 Energy Conference offered several presentations on the energy-water nexus.  They can be downloaded using the links below:
  • Rainbird Presents Intelligent Use of Water Summit - In an effort to bring attention to current and future water scarcity issues and the significant challenges facing citizens, corporations and the global community, US water experts convened in the nation’s capital in April at the Intelligent Use of Water Summit: State of The Union. Led by a panel of representatives from city and state municipalities and water agencies that excel in implementing effective landscape water efficiency and conservation programs, the 11th Intelligent Use of Water Summit focused on providing greater insight into the water conservation policies and legislation, programs, initiatives and trends that ultimately steer city and state-wide efforts to reduce outdoor water waste.  Moderated by Susan McGinnis, veteran journalist and managing editor/anchor of Clean Skies News , panelists included Paul Goble, City of Indian Wells, CA; Karen Guz, San Antonio Water Conservation Dept., TX; Elizabeth Hurst, Inland Empire Utilities Agency, CA; Karla Wilson, EcoWorks Unlimited, MO; Mark Risse, University of Georgia; and Doug Bennett, Southern Nevada Water Authority, NV.
  • Menlo Park, CA Approves Landscape Efficiency Ordinance - The Menlo Park, California city council has approved an ordinance to curb water consumption in landscaped areas over 2,500 square feet. Under the ordinance, residents who apply for permits for major construction or home-improvement projects that have a landscaping element will need to have their plans certified by a landscape architect to ensure that they comply with city’s new water budget calculations.  In addition, the ordinance prohibits "overhead" lawn watering between 10 a.m. and 8 p.m. and requires homeowners with large lawns to either reduce the size of their lawn to 500 square feet or 25% of the total landscaping area, whichever is bigger, or calculate a “water budget” for their property.
  • NY Times Experts Discuss America’s “Big Water Repair Bill” - A New York Times series, “Toxic Waters,” has chronicled the problems of the nation’s drinking water supply, from worsening chemical contamination to the crumbling networks of pipes that are costing local and state governments more and more to repair. Read more here.
  • Turf Wars – Natural vs. Artificial - A recent study from the University of California, Berkeley has fueled arguments for and against synthetic turf playing fields.   The study concludes that player injuries decrease on artificial turf; however, according to the report, artificial turf releases more greenhouse gases in its production, transportation and processing than the maintenance of natural turf ever would. Natural turf is also cooler and more comfortable to play on.  The study was commissioned by The Corporation for Manufacturing Excellence, an industry consulting firm. The report gathered data from 111 scientific studies and over 12 years of research on the controversial topic.  Individuals interested in obtaining a copy of the full report may email here.
  • Bottled and Sold – Gleick’s New Book Takes on Bottled Water Industry - Peter Gleick's new book Bottled and Sold: The Story Behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water , describing the testing and monitoring of bottled water and what you might expect to find, has been published. Gleick points out that you don't find what you don't look for. This maxim holds true for arms control, as Ronald Reagan noted, and for contaminants in bottled water. You might expect that bottled water would be cleaner than our tap water.  Are you ready for a surprise?
  • Report:  Imports Worsen Developing World Water Crisis - The amount of water used to produce food and goods imported by developed countries is worsening water shortages in the developing world, a report says. The report, focusing on the UK, says two-thirds of the water used to make UK imports is used outside its borders. The Engineering the Future alliance of professional engineering bodies says this is unsustainable, given population growth and climate change. It says countries such as the UK must help poorer nations curb water use. "We must take account of how our water footprint is impacting on the rest of the world," said Professor Roger Falconer, director of the Hydro-Environmental Research Centre at Cardiff University and a member of the report's steering committee. "If we are to prevent the 'perfect storm', urgent action is necessary."
  • Improving Rainwater System Design - The evaluation of rainwater harvesting system designs is described in an article in Water Science and Technology. The authors recommend that continuous simulation methods should be adopted, since the simple tools currently used lead to the oversizing of tanks and excessive capital costs.  Learn more here.
  • Google Aims to Lower Water Footprint at Data Centers – Google is now starting to push for 100% recycled water at its data centers.  Data center cooling systems can require a lot of water, which can in turn put pressure on the local supply depending on where a data center is located. Rather than having to deal with a lack of water, or complaints about how much is being used, Google has installed treatment plants at two locations as an experiment to start recycling its own water. They have now been ramped up to 100% water recycling.  In practice this should mean these data centers require much less water after they have taken enough to operate their cooling systems. That then lowers Google’s risk if water is in short supply, and allows those who operate the local water supply to rest assured Google isn’t going to take a big chunk of water out of the system regularly.  Read more here.
  • “Direct Potable Reuse” White Paper Now Available - A new White Paper published by the National Water Research Institute (NWRI) identifies key issues that would need to be addressed by regulatory agencies and utilities in California interested in pursuing direct potable reuse as a viable option to satisfy future water demands.  Direct potable reuse refers to the introduction of highly-treated recycled water into a potable water distribution system.   Download the white paper here.
  • Water Emergency Hits Boston Area - Two million Boston residents were left without running water on 1st May after a major breach in a seven-year-old water main. Although it was repaired the following day, the order to boil water was left in place for several days.
  • New Book Addresses Water Management in the Middle East -   Management of Scarce Water Resources: A Middle Eastern Experience , provides a practical approach to a wide variety of water-related topics in one of the Earth’s driest regions. Using recent case studies, it explores the problems that arid and semi-arid countries face in relation to water resources and water management and provides a framework/guideline to assist the practitioner in resolving these problems. The book was developed from many years of project management, private sector participation and Ministerial-level government experience in both Water and Irrigated Agriculture.  Learn more here. 
  • Water Research Foundation Launches New Web Site – The Water Research Foundation (nee AwwaRF) has launched a freshly redesigned and revamped web site.  Check it out at: www.WaterRF.org

How to Submit Content for Water Efficiency Watch

Water Efficiency Watch welcomes submission of articles, photos, stories, commentary, new technologies, web links, etc.  Please e-mail your submission to Peter Mayer – mayer@aquacraft.com.

DISCLAIMER: The Alliance for Water Efficiency reports on research and information as a service. This should not be considered an explicit or implicit endorsement of any product, service, research effort, analysis, etc. unless specifically so indicated.

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