Water Efficiency Watch

News from the Alliance for Water Efficiency

2011-05-01

Water Efficiency Watch is the online newsletter of the Alliance for Water Efficiency, edited by Peter Mayer. 

In this issue of Water Efficiency Watch...


New study finds water savings in homes built to WaterSense specification

SF-house-in-San-DiegoA long awaited major field study of  where and how much water is used in new homes in the US has found that building to the WaterSense specification results in 19.4% water savings indoors vs. standard new homes built over the past few years.  The Analysis of Water Use in New Single Family Homes study was conducted by a team lead by Aquacraft, Inc. and funded by a consortium of 9 water utilities and by a grant from the US EPA.

The study found that a household with 3 members living in a detached single-family home built to to the WaterSense new home specification used an average of 35.6 gallons per capita per day (gpcd) compared to 44.2 gpcd used indoors by residents on standard new homes, a 19.4% reduction.  The most significant water savings were accomplished through installation of WaterSense labeled high-efficiency toilets (HETs), WaterSense labeled faucet aerators, and clothes washers that were ENERGY STAR qualified with a water factor (WF) of less than or equal to 6.0 gallons of water per cycle per cubic foot of capacity.

Based on the findings of the study, the report includes a proposed set of indoor household water efficiency benchmarks as shown in the table below.

Category

Indoor Household Efficiency Benchmark for Family of 3    (gallons per household per day)

Description

Baseline/Existing homes

190 gphd

Existing homes in the general population built prior to 2000.

Standard New Homes

130 gphd

Homes complying with the 1992 Energy Policy Act plus 40% equipped with HE clothes washers

High-Efficiency New Homes

110 gphd

Homes meeting the WaterSense New Home specification for fixtures and appliances.

The report concludes that homes built to the WaterSense New Home Specification offer meaningful water savings compared with the existing stock of single-family homes and compared with new homes built to comply with current plumbing codes and standards.  The final report for this project is currently under review by EPA and will be posted for free download soon.  

AWE and SPUC Respond to Sewer Stink Controversy

San-FranciscoReduced water demand is a positive move in the right direction. Investments in water savings, including high-efficiency toilets and other water-efficient technologies, will play an important role in how San Francisco and other water utilities meet local and state conservation requirements and ensure a reliable water supply for future generations,” wrote Francesca Vietor, president of the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission and Mary Ann Dickinson, president and CEO of AWE in a March 22, 2011 op-ed in The San Francisco Examiner that sought to dispel recently published myths about the recent sewer stink problems in San Francisco.  Those press reports blamed low-flow toilets for sewer odor problems throughout the city.

The AWE and SFPUC response stressed that sewer odors come from a variety of factors, and that lower flows from toilets are not the main culprit nor are lower flows undesirable in a City that needs to save water.  “The San Francisco Public Utilities Commission has a long-term capital plan to upgrade the City’s wastewater system that will help ensure it operates as efficiently as possible with lower flows,” Vietor and Dickinson wrote.

Editors note: Between the bogus claims in San Francisco and the peculiar comments of Rand Paul, it’s clear that in America we still follow the motto:When in doubt, blame it on the low flow toilets.”

Texas and Louisiana Face Serious Drought

south-drought-mapSerious drought conditions are covering most of Texas including all of the Colorado River basin and parts of Louisiana as the region heads into the hottest months of year. The month of March ended as one of the driest on record in Texas with most locations recording less than a quarter inch of rain.

In Austin, March rainfall was less than a tenth of an inch. This ranked as the 4th driest March since 1856. In addition, rainfall between October 1 and mid-April has generally been less than one-third of normal.

Texas Governor Rick Perry (R) has requested Federal financial assistance to help cope with the massive wildfires which have been intensified by the drought.  Perry also issued a proclamation on April 21 calling for “the people of Texas to join together in prayer to humbly seek an end to this devastating drought and these dangerous wildfires”.

According to the National Drought Monitor, on April 26 almost all of the Colorado River in Texas basin was in extreme drought. Much of Bastrop, Lee and Fayette Counties are in exceptional drought, the most severe drought category. This is the largest and most severe classification of drought across in this region September 2009.

Read more here. 

California Drought Ends, but Conservation Remains on Front Burner

cali_snowIn March Gov. Jerry Brown rescinded a statewide drought declaration adopted in February 2009 by his predecessor.  The proclamation was timed to coincide with a new statewide snow survey which found California's snowpack at 165 percent of average for the season.

"While this season's storms have lifted us out of the drought, it's critical that Californians continue to watch their water use," Brown said in a statement. "Drought or no drought, demand for water in California always outstrips supply. Continued conservation is key."

Even without shortages, officials noted that conservation reduces utility bills, saves expenses by local utility agencies, and ensures adequate stream flow for fish and other environment needs.

Read more here.

EPA Releases Final ENERGY STAR Dishwasher Specification

energy-star-logo-big-imageOn April 25th,  2011, EPA released their final ENERGY STAR dishwasher specification which includes some changes related to effective dates when compared with the draft sent out for stakeholder comment.  The new specification should help ensure that the water and energy efficiency of dishwashers sold in the US continues to improve.

AWE has identified the following key points about the new dishwasher specification:

  1. The Tier 1 effective date has been pushed back from January 3, 2012 to January 20, 2012, when the new Energy Star Tier 1 metric for standard dishwashers will become ≤ 4.25 gallons per cycle. The current standard size dishwasher specification for water is ≤ 5.8 gallons per cycle, so the new spec will be a 27% improvement.  The vast majority of all dishwashers sold in the U.S. are currently ENERGY STAR labeled.     
  2. The Tier 2 effective date was pushed back a full year, from July 1, 2013 to January 1, 2014.  No metrics for this tier have been released yet.

AWE did not provide comments on the EPA on this draft specification due to the very short EPA comment timeframe so most comments received by EPA were filed by manufacturers.

As of January 1, 2011,  all new dishwashers must meet EPA’s new verification testing by a “Certification Body” (i.e. a third party testing lab) in order to be labeled ENERGY STAR.  Four dishwasher models have already been de-listed from ENERGY STAR due to failure to meet energy and/or water efficiency metrics during EPA verification testing. 

California Study Examines the Water-Energy Nexus

CaliforniaCalifornia’s system of providing potable drinking water requires significant amounts of energy.  The California Energy Commission found that a staggering 19% of the state’s total annual electricity demand is related to water use.  More specifically, 7.7% of the state’s total annual electricity demand goes directly toward  water and wastewater utilities’ operations to source, convey, treat, and distribute water. Energy costs, which are escalating rapidly, can make up  a significant portion  of water utilities’  operating costs.  This suggests that water conservation and efficiency must play a part in the states’ greater energy efficiency goals. 

 Toward this end, the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) has completed a comparison of nine water conservation pilot programs. Each pilot quantified the energy savings for a unique water conservation scheme, ranging from consumer toilet retrofits to recycled water programs to pump efficiency improvements.

 The nine pilot studies are briefly described here:

  1. Audits of large commercial, industrial and institutional customers to recommend water efficiency improvements.
  2. Direct install, high efficiency toilets (HETs) to low-income residents.
  3. Integrated real-time electricity consumption data from water pumping into existing SCADA systems. This program was not designed to conserve water, and instead focused on reducing energy consumption under different flow and pressure conditions.
  4. Direct install, high efficiency toilets to low-income customers.
  5. pH controllers for cooling towers and weather based irrigation controllers to commercial customers with chilled water HVAC and/or large landscape irrigation systems.
  6. Utility scale water audits that comply with IWA/AWWA water loss protocols were completed for three water agencies.
  7. Conversion of standard irrigation timers to weather-based control at sites in San Diego with at least four irrigated acres.
  8. Provision of capital funding for planned retrofit projects that switched from potable to recycled water.
  9. Funding of water conservation measures at sites that had received prior water audits and where the customer had not yet acted to implement any of the identified measures.  

  Download the draft report from this energy and water study here.

Typical American Water Footprint Dominated by Food and Energy Production

by Sandra Postel

power-production-clip-artWe don’t think much about water when we flick on a light, power up our computer or open the fridge for a drink. But water has been consumed for almost every activity that uses energy – which includes almost everything we do. The single biggest draw on US rivers and lakes is not toilets, golf courses or even irrigated farms: it’s thermal power plants that generate electricity to light our homes and cities, run appliances and factories and generally keep our plugged-in society humming.

farm-production-clip-artThermoelectric generation accounts for 49% of the water withdrawn from the nation’s water sources, according to the US Geological Survey. On average it takes about 23 gallons of water to produce 1 kilowatt-hour of electricity. That means a typical refrigerator can use 40 gallons of water a day – not at your home, but at the power plant that produces your electricity. Thermal power plants (fuelled by coal, oil, natural gas or uranium) boil water to produce steam, which then drives a turbine to generate electricity. These fossil fuel and nuclear plants produce about 90% of the electricity used in the US.

Read the full article here.

DOE Showerhead Enforcement Update

By John Koeller

multiple-head-showerEighteen years after being designated the overseer of plumbing provisions in the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) finally sought stakeholder input and rendered ‘Enforcement Guidance’  on just what constitutes an EPAct-compliant ‘showerhead’.

The issue of compliance with the 2.5-gallons per minute (gpm) flow rate maximum for showerheads has become a dominant discussion among water efficiency professionals, manufacturers, and design professionals.  Multiple nozzle shower systems flowing in excess of 2.5-gpm are viewed were questioned by many as possibly non-compliant with Federal law. 

The Enforcement Guidance from DOE states, “In essence, multiple spraying components sold together as a single unit designed to spray water onto a single bather constitutes a single showerhead for purposes of the maximum water use standard.”  As such, these types of products are subject to the 2.5-gpm maximum total flow. 

Some may be surprised to learn that many multi-head shower systems will not be impacted by the enforcement guidance.  Individual showerheads, body sprays, nozzles and similar water emitting products which, when combined by a consumer, designer, or installer into a customized shower system, are not subject to the 2.5-gpm total flow maximum.

Manufacturers have also been given a generous two year grace period to comply with the enforcement guidance.  The DOE “….will provide an enforcement grace period of two years…” from March 4, 2011, for manufacturers to sell remaining non-compliant products in the supply chain and adjust their product designs.

Additional information about the DOE Enforcement Guidance is available here. 

The Future of Water: A Startling Look Ahead Released on Earth Day

Future-of-water-bookThe Future of Water: A Startling Look Ahead by Steve Maxwell is a new book from the American Water Works Association (AWWA) that crystal ball gazes about how water will be used and allocated in the future. 

In the book, Maxwell imagines life 100 years in the future in 2109 and predicts that water efficiency and conservation practices have been broadly adopted.  In Maxwell's future, water is allocated for different end use purposes in homes, businesses and industries. Maxwell expects this change in water management will be driven by economics, a changed approach to decision-making, and a broader, shared awareness of the preciousness and scarcity of water.

In the final chapter Maxwell writes, "Water will shape the full spectrum of economic, political, and social trends, as well as how we make decisions.  We will all begin to view water more as a precious resource rather than a free commodity to be exploited and wasted."  If he's right, the next 100 years are going to be quite interesting for anyone interested in water management.

Learn more about this new book and order a copy here.

Two Free AWE Conservation Tracking Tool Workshops Scheduled in Georgia

Screen Shot 1The Georgia Environmental Protection Division, AWE, and other Georgia-based member agencies are partnering to hold two free Water Conservation Tracking Tool Workshops in May, 2011. One workshop is set to be held on May 9th in Atlanta, GA, and the other on May 11th in Brunswick, GA.

AWE’s Water Conservation Tracking Tool is an Excel-based model that can evaluate the water savings, costs, and benefits of conservation programs for a specific water utility, using either English or Metric units. Using information entered into the Tool from the utility’s system, it provides a standardized methodology for water savings and benefit-cost accounting, and includes a library of pre-defined conservation activities from which users can build conservation programs.

Comments on SWAT Soil Moisture Sensor-Based Controllers Protocol Due May 16

SWAT2The SWAT second draft protocol for testing soil moisture sensor-based controllers (for turfgrass and landscape) is available for public comment, and all comments are due by May 16, 2011.

The protocol combines the eighth draft of the laboratory screening tests (phase one) and the fourth draft of the operational test (phase two) on a virtual landscape. The SWAT Technology Working Group will post all comments each week as they are received and responses after the closing date.  To review the draft and comment, visit www.irrigation.org/gov/swat_drafts-soil/.

Testing protocols are also available for climate-based controllers and rainfall shutoff devices. Draft testing protocol is being developed for pressure-regulating sprinklers.

SWAT is an initiative of the Irrigation Association and water purveyors to promote water efficient irrigation technologies through performance testing and development of marketing materials. 

UK Government Struggles to Further Conservation with Limited Funding

By Philip Turton

keble-college-oxford-clip-aThe Waterwise annual conference at Keble College, Oxford in the UK provided the opportunity to hear how water efficiency might fare in the era of major public funding cuts demanded by the coalition government.

Sonia Phippard of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) explained that the UK government wants reduced regulations and legislation and more voluntary programs.  She noted that parts of the country were amongst the most water stressed areas in Europe, but indicated that there is likely to be a move away from a broad water efficiency target of 130 litres/capita/day (34.3 gpcd) towards locally established targets.

Phippard said that leakage and leakage targets are a major barrier to achieving customer support for water efficiency. Leakage targets were missed by a number of water companies in the last two very severe winters and missed targets present an “unfortunate” message to the public.

DEFRA is supporting at least one new regulation, however: the EU’s Eco-labeling scheme to improve the efficiency of water using products. Phippard saw this is an opportunity for manufacturers to reach a wider market.

Funding cuts will impact the future of the Waterwise annual conference as Waterwise Director, Jacob Tompkins, informed delegates that the Keble College event would be the last. Waterwise will instead concentrate on workshops and technical symposium on specific subjects.

The full set of presentations from the conference will be posted to the Waterwise website.

Walnut, CA Passes Water Efficient Landscaping Code

A change to Walnut, California’s municipal code requires developers of new residential projects and homeowners with large lots seeking to alter their landscaping to make sure what they plant uses water efficiently.

The new requirements are in response to Assembly Bill 1881, enacted in 2006, a state law that requires water efficient plants for new and renewable landscapes.  AB 1881 amended the 1992 Water Conservation in Landscaping Act, thus mandating that all California cities adopt an ordinance that effectively conserves water.

The Walnut City Council voted 5-0 to approve the change in the code so that Walnut could be in compliance with the state law. The requirements target developers of new landscape installations, as well as projects done by individual homeowners or property owners with a landscaping area of 5,000 square feet or greater.  Read more here.

Renovated in Response to MTBE, Santa Monica Treatment Plant Reduces Reliance on Imported Water

santa-monica-california-cliCity leaders and environmentalists celebrated the re-dedication of the Charnock water wells and the major renovation of the Santa Monica Water Treatment Plant. This event marks the full restoration of the City’s local groundwater, and the reduction of the use of imported water from northern California and the Colorado River. Santa Monica hopes to fully ween itself of imported water by 2020.

Rod Gould, City Manager of the City of Santa Monica, explained that “Water has been an important part of Santa Monica’s history. The Charnock Well Field had been used as a drinking-water source since 1924. That precious supply was threatened in 1996 when MTBE was discovered in the City’s ground water. Overcoming the contamination and renovating the water treatment plant was an immense endeavor. But by 2006, Santa Monica reached an agreement with all major oil companies responsible for the MTBE contamination, allowing the City to restore the Charnock Well Field so that it could once again be a viable drinking water source.”

The Santa Monica Water Treatment Plant treats water from three City groundwater well fields — Charnock, Olympic and Arcadia — to provide 8½ million gallons of drinking water each day to its 89,000 residents.

“We’re thrilled to have all of our groundwater resources available to us once again,” said Gil Borboa, Water Resources Manager. “We‘re very proud that the cost to build the treatment facilities was paid by the polluters, and not by the rate payers of Santa Monica.”

AWWA Seeks Papers for 2012 Sustainable Water Management Conference

The 2012 Sustainable Water Management Conference will be held in Portland, Oregon, March 18 - 21, 2012. The conference seeks to combine technical presentations with in-depth discussions on legal, regulatory, and legislative matters facing water utilities today. 

A wide range of topics will be covered concerning sustainable water management including managing water resources and the environment, water conservation, sustainable utilities and infrastructure, urban planning and design, and community sustainability.  The deadline to submit abstracts for this event is May 27, 2011.

Learn more and submit and abstract here.

Arizona's Water Awareness Month: 30 Days, 300+ Ways to Save Water

The Arizona Municipal Water Users and Arizona Department of Water Resources have announced the launch of WAM, a social media campaign for April’s Water Awareness Month. Website, Facebook, and Twitter accounts promote one theme for each day in April.  Water and conservation partners throughout the state contribute tips, resources, and events appropriate for each of the 30 themes and promote the campaign through their own social media networks. WAM organizers supply suggested daily themed Tweets and Facebook posts for each day's theme.  The end result is a comprehensive resource for statewide water information promoted through a powerful network to all corners of the state. Visit the web site http://www.waterawarenessmonth.com

AWE Board Chair Receives Cooke Award

GCM Award LogoAWE Board Chair Carole Baker has been awarded the Gregg A. Cooke Memorial Award for Exceptional Environmental Excellence by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.  Each year, the TCEQ award honors a single individual’s outstanding efforts to preserve and protect the environment in Texas. 

carol_baker_smallThis award was established in May 2007 in honor of the late former EPA Region 6 Administrator Gregg Cooke and his commitment to giving Texans a better place to live.  Gregg Cooke built a national reputation both at the EPA and in the private sector for leadership, vision, and passion, including an ability to broker sometimes controversial compromises to improve air and water quality in Texas.

The winner is honored at the Texas Environmental Excellence Awards banquet held the last night of the Environmental Trade Fair and Conference where a video vignette about the winner is shown.   Congratulations Carole!

World Vision Honors PMI’s Executive Director, Barbara Higgens

Barbara C. Higgens, Plumbing Manufacturers International’s (PMI’s) executive director, was recognized with a Crystal Vision “Robert T. Atkins Life Time Achievement Award.” World Vision presented the award during the Kitchen and Bath Industry Show on April 26 at the Las Vegas Convention Center. Higgens is the third person ever to receive the Life Time Achievement Award. The award honors individual dedication to World Vision’s mission of "working with children, families and their worldwide communities to reach their full potential by tackling the causes of poverty and injustice.”  Congratulations Barbara!

Registration Open for IA Water Conference in Colorado

The Irrigation Association, in conjunction with the American Society of Irrigation Consultants, is preparing to open registration for the third annual Water Conference, "Water for the Future: The Role of Smart Irrigation." The conference will take place July 21-22, at the Omni Interlocken Resort and Spa in Broomfield, Colo., a suburb of Denver.  Learn more and register here.

Energy Efficiency in Commercial Food Service Training to Be Held May 20, 2011 

The Energy Center of Wisconsin and Commonwealth Edison are holding a training about commercial food service energy and water efficiency on Friday, May 20, 2011 in Oakbrook, IL. The training will be conducted by restaurant expert Don Fisher, who manages the internationally renowned Food Service Technology Center in San Ramon, CA. AWE members are eligible for a $20 discount.  Learn more and register here.

News Briefs and Web Links

  • Desalination is coming to California, but not without controversy – The USD700 million proposed plant in Carlsbad by investor-owned Poseidon Resources expects to satisfy around 8% of San Diego County's water supply, while at the same time consuming as much electricity as 45,000 homes. Greenhouse gas emissions would total about 200 million pounds a year, according to the project's environmental impact assessment. WaterLink International covers costs and benefits of some of the proposed desalination projects.
  • San Antonio , TX confronts drought conditions - The Edwards Aquifer Authority has declared a State 1 drought alert due to lack of precipitation.  It could be a long, dry summer for residents of San Antonio.
  • Drought forces Las Vegas, NM to ban all lawn irrigation - The city council of Las Vegas, New Mexico, has banned the use of all lawn irrigation within the city, effective immediately. The ban was adopted because of a city-declared state of emergency brought on by recent drought conditions there.
  • Water in Canada, a Resource Crisis - Canadians were raised with the idea of clean, fresh water until the end of time — but it’s not so, says Edmonton Journal staff writer Hanneke Brooymans in a new book titled Water in Canada, a Resource in Crisis Water in Canada makes it crystal clear that the quantity and quality of Canadian freshwater resources are diminishing at an alarming rate.
  • Water use in Atlanta, GA down 14% since 2000 - Between 2000 and 2009, while metro Atlanta added 1 million people, the region’s per capita water use declined by 14 percent and continues to improve.
  • Water Use in Pueblo, CO has returned to 1980 level – There are 6,300 more accounts, but Pueblo Colorado customers use the same amount of water in 2010 as 1980.  Conservation is a big part of the story.  Read more here.
  • Emerging from Drought, San Diego County Water Use Inches Up – After experiencing years of declining demand, the declared ending of drought restrictions in San Diego County has resulted in a slight upswing in demand. 
  • Midland, TX is coping with a severe water shortage – The New York Times reports on parched conditions in Texas.
  • Georgia Power works to reduce water withdrawals - Georgia Power has announced plans to host a facility for testing technologies to address water withdrawal, consumption, recycling and/or improve water quality associated with the power generation process.  Georgia Power is collaborating with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to add broader industry perspective and guidance to the project. The Georgia Power Water Research Center will be located at Plant Bowen and will be operated by the Southern Research Institute.  Learn more here.
  • Prescott , AZ praised for conservation success – The City’s programs have resulted in significant savings and the local press is quite impressed.
  • Central Florida water worries complicated by recession – The Orlando Sentinel reports on the complex and contentious issues of environmental preservation, water conservation, and the local economy.
  • EPA releases case studies on water utility vulnerability to climate change - The US EPA has released a new report titled, Climate Change Vulnerability Assessments  Four Case Studies of Water Utility Practices.  Download the full report here. 
  • DOI releases climate change risks study - The US Department of the Interior has released a report that assesses climate change risks and how these risks could impact water operations, hydropower, flood control and fish and wildlife in the western US. The report to Congress represents the first consistent and coordinated assessment of risks to future water supplies across eight major reclamation river basins.  Learn more here and download the full report here.
  • Our Florida. Our Future sets goal for sustainability in the Sunshine State - Our Florida. Our Future. is a multi-year effort to envision the future of Florida as a dynamic global state with communities that are prosperous, healthy, just, neighborly and sustainable.
  • AZ exhibit ponders ancient lessons about water - The Arizona State University Museum of Anthropology will present “Choosing a Future with Water: Lessons from the Hohokam.” By comparing and contrasting ancient Hohokam examples and modern-day challenges, the exhibition presents a long-term view of resilience in the Phoenix valley.  Learn more here.
  • Is Lake Powell dying? - Some say Lake Powell and Lake Mead are slowly dying.  Others maintain the Colorado River reservoirs, two of North America’s largest, are doing just fine.  The Salt Lake Tribune reports on these conflicting views.
  • Olympia , WA Regional Service Center designed for function and education – The Pacific NW, LOTT Clean Water Alliance constructed a new Regional Services Center , which includes a WET (Water Education Technology) Center containing a classroom and a series of interactive interpretive exhibits meant to educate customers about the wastewater treatment services that LOTT provides. LOTT works with the three City water utilities (Lacey, Olympia, and Tumwater) to plan conservation projects that cost-effectively reduce wastewater flows.
  • Colorado’s Center for Resource Conservation Offers water efficient, “Garden in a Box” - Garden-In-A-Box is intended to simplify water-wise gardening by providing professional “plant-by-number” designs, a selection of xeriscape plants, and planting and care instructions all below retail costs.
  • Rain Bird announces the Intelligent Use of Water award winners – Congratulations to the 2010/2011 award winners.  Learn about each winner here.
  • National River Rally June 3-6, 2011 - This year the River Network is hosting River Rally in North Charleston, SC from June 3-6, 2011. If you work with grass roots stakeholders on your water efficiency programs, this yearly event is a must for you to attend.  Learn more here.
  • Lead, paint, and other toxins discovered in urban landscapes – How safe is your garden?  New research has found troubling levels of lead and other toxins in yards in Indianapolis, Boston, and elsewhere.  Learn more here.
  • Seattle named a “Water savvy city” by National Geographic – Congratulations to Al Dietemann, Jenna Smith and the staff at Seattle Public Utilities.  Learn more here.
  • NYC promotes the “do’s and don’ts” of water conservation – Check out the latest water efficiency recommendations from the Big Apple.
  • Lakewood, CA announces conservation rebate program – Learn more here.
  • Even near Lake Michigan, concerns about the future of water persist - Lake County planner Phil Rovang says Lake County has been fortunate to have an ample supply of drinking water from Lake Michigan.  ”But that might not be the case in the future,” he said.
  • US Army seeks energy independence - The Army recently released a list of installations that are participating in an energy-conserving pilot program to only use as much energy as they create by 2020. Learn more here.
  • Brits look askance at seasonal water metering in spite of proven savings - As the UK basks in temperatures that put Athens in the shade and with rivers already running low, utility companies are under increasing pressure to preserve water. But the most comprehensive study of its kind suggests the leading option for ensuring the UK enjoys a sustainable water supply – metering – is hitting the poorest hardest and is viewed with suspicion by consumers who believe it is a ruse by utility companies to increase their profits. The study by Wessex Water, which supplies water to more than one million households in the west country, found the introduction of meters reduced customer demand by 17%, higher than previous estimates.  Learn more here.
  • Food waste = water waste - Throwing food away sends world's scarce water gushing down the plughole according to the UK Guardian.
  • Turfmutt.com offers outdoor efficiency tipsTurfmutt.com is a new blog site with resources and information that supports our love of the backyard experience and provides tips on how to care for green spaces in a responsible, earth-friendly way.
  • In India rainwater harvesting isn’t just a good idea, it’s the law – In South India, rainwater harvesting is becoming a way of life for everyone, like it or not.
  • Connect to the Alliance for Water Efficiency on Linked-in – AWE is active on Linked in.  Please connect with AWE.


How to Submit Content for Water Efficiency Watch

Water Efficiency Watch welcomes submission of articles, photos, stories, commentary, new technologies, web links, etc.  Please e-mail your submission to Peter Mayer – mayer@aquacraft.com.

DISCLAIMER: The Alliance for Water Efficiency reports on research and information as a service. This should not be considered an explicit or implicit endorsement of any product, service, research effort, analysis, etc. unless specifically so indicated.