Arizona - 2012 State Policy Information Arizona Flag 

Below are results for Arizona from the 2011/2012 Water Efficiency and Conservation State Scorecard survey.

Use the links below to jump to a specific question:

Q1. State Agencies  Q8. Water Loss  Q15. Implementation Requirements 
Q2. Toilet Regulations    Q9. Permitting     Q16. State Funding for Conservation 
Q3. Showerhead Regulations  Q10. Drought Plans  Q17. Technical Assistance 
Q4. Urinal Regulations  Q11. Conservation Plans  Q18. Volumetric Billing   
Q5. Clothes Washer Regulations  Q12. Authority to Approve Plans  Q19. Metered Connections  
Q6. PRSV Regulations  Q13. Plan Update Frequency  Q20. ET Microclimate Information   
Q7. Building or Plumbing Codes  Q14. Planning Framework  Additional Information 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


  1. What state agency or agencies are in charge of drinking water conservation/efficiency?

    The Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR) is the primary state agency responsible for water planning, water rights administration and conservation/efficiency programs. Created in 1980 to secure long-term dependable water supplies for Arizona's communities, among its many responsibilities ADWR administers and enforces Arizona’s Groundwater Code. The Groundwater Code established Active Management Areas (AMAs) and requires the preparation of a series of water management plans for each AMA that include mandatory conservation programs. AMAs represent approximately 80% of the state’s population.

    In addition to the Management Plans required for AMAs, ADWR requires conservation and drought plans from all community water systems around the state, explores methods of augmenting water supplies to meet future demands, and develops policies that promote conservation and equitable distribution of water.

    Arizona Revised Statutes (ARS) Title 45 - Waters 

    ADWR Overview of the Groundwater Code 

    ADWR Mission

    The Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) has jurisdiction over the quality of services and rates of public service corporations offering water and wastewater utility service as well as water-related energy policy matters. The ACC has been requiring private water companies (both inside and outside AMAs) to implement water conservation best management practices from the ADWR regulatory list.

    The Arizona Department of Enviromental Quality (ADEQ) protects and enhances public health and the environment by ensuring safe drinking water and reducing the impact of pollutants discharged into surface and groundwater. ADEQ frequently partners with other state agencies and the community in programs that not only prevent pollution but conserve resources such as water.
     
  2. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for toilets that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    No.
     
  3. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for showerheads that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    No.
     
     
  4. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for urinals that is more stringent than the federal standard?

    No.
      
     
  5. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for clothes washers that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    No.
     
  6. Does the state have a water consumption regulation for pre-rinse spray valves that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    No.
     
  7. Does the state have mandatory building or plumbing codes requiring water efficient products that exceed the federal standard? 

    While not specifically requiring water efficienct products, evaporative cooling systems and fountains are to be equipped with water recycling or reuse systems.

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. §§ 45-312: Prohibited plumbing fixtures; residential construction

    "(6)Evaporative cooling systems and decorative fountains shall be equipped with water recycling or reuse systems." 
      
  8. Does the state have any regulations or policies for water utilities regarding water loss in the utility distribution system?  

    Yes. 

    A.R.S. § 45-342:

    “J. The water conservation plan shall be designed to increase the efficiency of the water system, reduce waste and encourage consumer water conservation efforts. The water conservation plan shall be designed to meet the specific needs of the community water system and shall include both demand and supply management measures including the following:

    1. Feasible measures that may be implemented to determine and control lost and unaccounted for water.”

     
  9. Does the state require conservation activities as part of its water permitting process or water right permit?

    Yes.

    A.R.S. § 45-451: Groundwater rights and uses in active management areas 

    “A. In an active management area, a person may:

    1. Withdraw and use groundwater only in accordance with the provisions of articles 5 through 12 of this chapter…”

    A.R.S. §45-492: Withdrawals by cities, towns and private water companies within service areas; contract to supply groundwater

    “A. Except as provided in subsection D of this section, in an active management area, a city, town or private water company shall have the right to withdraw and transport groundwater within its service area for the benefit of landowners and residents within its service area, and the landowners and residents are entitled to use the groundwater delivered, subject to:

    1. Articles 8 and 8.1 of this chapter relating to transportation of groundwater.
    2. Conservation requirements developed by the director pursuant to article 9 of this chapter…”
      
  10. Does the state require preparation of drought emergency plans by water utilities or cities on any prescribed schedule?  

    Yes, the state requires water systems to prepare drought preparedness plans and emergency operations plans.

    Drought plan: ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(A):

    "[E]ach community water system shall prepare and submit to the director a system water plan that includes the following components: . . . 2. A drought preparedness plan." 

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(I): "The drought preparedness plan shall be designed to meet the specific needs of the water system for which it applies and shall include: . . . 2. Drought or emergency response stages providing for the implementation of measures in response to reduction in available water supply due to drought or infrastructure failure. 3. A plan of action that the community water system will take to respond to drought or water shortage conditions, including: (a) Provisions to actively inform the public of the water supply shortage and a program for continued education and information regarding implementation of the drought preparedness plan. (b) Development of emergency supplies, which may include identification of emergency or redundant facilities to withdraw, divert or transport substitute supplies of the same or other types of water. (c) Specific water supply or water demand management measures for each stage of drought or water shortage conditions, subject to approval by the corporation commission if the community water system is a public service corporation. This requirement may be met by providing a curtailment tariff on file with the corporation commission."

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(B): "[A] large community water system shall submit its first system water plan to the director on or before January 1, 2007, and shall submit an updated plan within six months prior to January 1 of every fifth calendar year thereafter. A small community water system shall submit its first system water plan to the director on or before January 1, 2008, and shall submit an updated plan within six months prior to January 1 of every fifth calendar year thereafter." 

    Emergency plan: ARIZ. ADMIN. CODE § R18-4-204(A): "The water supplier for a community water system shall develop and keep an emergency operations plan in an easily accessible location. At a minimum, the emergency operations plan shall detail the steps that the community water system will take to assure continuation of service in the following emergency situations: 1.  Loss of a source . . . ." 
     
  11. Does the state have a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation/efficiency separate from drought emergency plans?   

    Arizona has two conservation programs: one for large municipal providers in active management areas (AMAs) and one for all other community providers. Providers in AMAs are exempt from the conservation planning requirement, but must followmandatory conservation plans developed by the director of the Department of Water Resources. 

    For community providers, conservation planning is required under ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(A): "[E]ach community water system shall prepare and submit to the director a system water plan that includes the following components: . . . 3. A water conservation plan." 

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. §45-563. Management plans in active management areas; management periods; general provisions:

    "A. The director shall develop a management plan for each initial active management area for each of five management periods pursuant to the guidelines prescribed in sections 45-564 through 45-568 and shall adopt the plans only after public hearings held pursuant to sections 45-570 and 45-571. The plans shall include a continuing mandatory conservation program for all persons withdrawing, distributing or receiving groundwater designed to achieve reductions in withdrawals of groundwater."
     
  12. Does the state have the authority to approve or reject the conservation plans? 

    Yes, for community water systems.

    For community water systems, yes:

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(B):

    "[A] large community water system shall submit its first system water plan to the director on or before January 1, 2007, and shall submit an updated plan within six months prior to January 1 of every fifth calendar year thereafter. A small community water system shall submit its first system water plan to the director on or before January 1, 2008, and shall submit an updated plan within six months prior to January 1 of every fifth calendar year thereafter."  
      
  13. How often does the state require the water utilities to submit a potable water conservation plan (not part of a drought emergency plan)? 

    Every five years for community water systems.

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(B):

    "[A] large community water system shall submit its first system water plan to the director on or before January 1, 2007, and shall submit an updated plan within six months prior to January 1 of every fifth calendar year thereafter. A small community water system shall submit its first system water plan to the director on or before January 1, 2008, and shall submit an updated plan within six months prior to January 1 of every fifth calendar year thereafter."
     
  14. If the state has a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation separate from drought emergency plans, is there a framework or prescribed methodology?

    Yes. 

    For community water systems: ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(J):

    "The water conservation plan shall be designed to increase the efficiency of the water system, reduce waste and encourage consumer water conservation efforts. The water conservation plan shall be designed to meet the specific needs of the community water system and shall include both demand and supply management measures including the following:   1. Feasible measures that may be implemented to determine and control lost and unaccounted for water.  2. Consideration of water rate structures that encourage efficient use of water, as set by the community water system's governing body, subject to approval by the corporation commission if the community water system is a public service corporation. 3. A continuing conservation education program containing provisions to actively inform the public of drought conditions and information regarding conservation measures to reduce vulnerability from drought conditions, including: (a) Curtailment of nonessential water uses. (b) Affordable efficiency technologies for indoor and outdoor use. (c) Rebate and retrofit programs for indoor and outdoor uses. (d) Reuse and recycling programs." 

    Additionally, the Department of Water Resources is required to draft guidance: 

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(M):

    "The director shall prepare a guidance document to assist community water systems in preparing the water system plan." 
     
      
  15. Does the state require water utilities to implement conservation measures, beyond just the preparation and submittal of plans? 

    Yes.

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-342(K):

    "The water conservation plan shall be implemented by the community water system within twelve months after receiving written notification from the director that the plan complies with this section."
     
  16. Does the state offer financial assistance to utilities, cities, or counties for urban water conservation programs such as a revolving loan fund? Grants?  Bonds?  Appropriations?

    Yes, through the WIFA Green Project Reserve (based on Green Project Reserve criteria of DWSRF and CWSRF) and ADWR’s Water Management Assistance Program
     
  17. Does the state offer technical assistance for urban water conservation programs? 

    Yes.

    ADWR has an assembly of tools available to assist communities and water providers in the design and implementation of comprehensive, customized and proven conservation strategies. 

    ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 45-565. Management plan for second management period; guidelines

    "F. In addition to the provisions of the management plan for the second management period prescribed by subsection A of this section, the director shall:

    1. Include a program for conservation assistance to water users within the active management area."
      
  18. Does the state require volumetric billing?

    No
     
      
  19. What percentage or number of publicly supplied water connections (residential and nonresidential) are metered in your state?
     
     
  20. Does the state provide statewide ET microclimate information for urban landscapes?  

    Yes.

    Arizona Meteorological Network (AZMET) Turf Reports 

    Northern Arizona Mesonet 
     

Additional Information: 

Arizona has a statewide pre-rinse spray valve program called Rinse Smart.