New Brunswick - 2012 Policy Information  New Brunswick Shield

Approximately 40% of New Brunswick’s population receive their water from surface water sources; the remaining 60% from groundwater sources. A significant portion of the rural population relies on private, individual wells. Much of the province’s population is centralized within the urban centres of Moncton, Saint John, and Fredericton where water is supplied through a combination of surface water dams, reservoirs, and groundwater. Moncton is the fastest-growing metropolitan area in the province and among the top ten fastest growing urban areas in Canada. The province places a strong emphasis on source water protection, however, no provincial strategy for water conservation exists at this time.

Use the links below to jump to a specific question:

Q1. Agencies Q9. Permitting Q17. Technical Assistance
Q2. Toilet Regulations   Q10. Drought Plans Q18. Volumetric Billing  
Q3. Showerhead Regulations Q11. Conservation Plans Q19. Metered Connections 
Q4. Urinal Regulations Q12. Authority to Approve Plans Q20. ET Microclimate Information  
Q5. Clothes Washer Regulations Q13. Plan Update Frequency Q21. Efficiency Strategy
Q6. PRSV Regulations Q14. Planning Framework Q22. Alternative Sources
Q7. Building or Plumbing Codes Q15. Implementation Requirements Additional Information
Q8. Water Loss Q16. Funding for Conservation

 

 

 

 

 



  1. What provincial ministry, department or agencies are in charge of drinking water conservation/efficiency?

    New Brunswick Department of Environment

  2. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for toilets that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    Neither the federal nor New Brunswick governments have a regulation for toilets at the point of sale.

  3. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for showerheads that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    Neither the federal nor New Brunswick governments have a regulation for showerheads at the point of sale.

    Although provincial building and plumbing codes can require water efficiency standards in new construction and renovations, there is to date no federal regulation for mandating the water consumption/efficiency of showerheads at the point of sale.
     
  4. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for urinals that is more stringent than the federal standard?

    Neither the federal nor New Brunswick governments have a regulation for urinals at the point of sale.

    Although provincial building and plumbing codes can require water efficiency standards in new construction and renovations, there is to date no federal regulation for mandating the water consumption/efficiency of urinals at the point of sale.
      
  5. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for clothes washers that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    No.

    Minimum water efficiency standards for commercial and residential clothes washers are established through Canada’s Energy Efficiency Regulations, limiting the Minimum Modified Energy Factor to greater than 35.68 L/kwh/cycle for capacity > 45 Land to greater than 18.4 L/kWh/cycle for capacities < 45 L.

  6. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for pre-rinse spray valves that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    No.

    Minimum water efficiency standards for pre-rinse spray valves are established through Canada’s Energy Efficiency Regulations, limiting the flow rate to less than 6.1 litres per minute at 60 Psi water pressure as of January 1, 2012.

  7. Does the province have mandatory building or plumbing codes requiring water efficient products that exceed the federal standard? 

    No.

    The 2005 National Plumbing Code has been adopted into law by the New Brunswick Plumbing Installation and Inspection Act, and accompanying regulations.

    The National Building and Plumbing Codes of Canada are the model codes. They are issued by the Institute for Research and Construction (IRC), a part of the National Research Council of Canada. As model codes, they have no legal status until it is adopted by a jurisdiction that regulates construction. The Provinces and Territories of Canada are allowed to adopt parts or all of the code and to alter the code as they see fit.
    As of 2005 the National Plumbing Code does not explicitly mandate the use of water efficient fixtures – instead it references the ASME A112.18.1-2005 / CSA B125.1-2005 standards which dictate maximum flush volumes for toilets of 13.2 litres, maximum flow rates of 8.3 litres per minute (Lpm) for lavatory and kitchen faucets, and 9.5 Lpm for showerheads. 
     
  8. Does the province have any regulations or policies for water utilities regarding water loss in the utility distribution system?  

    No. 

  9. Does the province require conservation activities as part of its water permitting process or water right permit?

    No. 

    There is no clear permitting process for water taking at this time, however new water supplies involving the extraction or withdrawal of groundwater or surface water at a rate greater than 50 cubic metres per day are subject to a water supply source assessment process. In addition, all municipalities and selected high-volume water users (mostly industries) are subject to water quantity monitoring by the province via conditions attached to their approvals to operate.
     
  10. Does the province require preparation of drought emergency plans by water utilities or cities on any prescribed schedule?  

    No.
  11. Does the province have a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation/efficiency separate from drought emergency plans?   

    No.

  12. Does the province have the authority to approve or reject the conservation plans? 

    N/A because no plans are required.
     
  13. How often does the province require the water utilities to submit a potable water conservation plan (not part of a drought emergency plan)? 

    N/A because no plans are required.

  14. If the province has a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation separate from drought emergency plans, is there a framework or prescribed methodology?

    N/A because no plans are required.
     
     
  15. Does the province require water utilities to implement conservation measures, beyond just the preparation and submittal of plans? 

    N/A because no plans are required.

  16. Does the province offer financial assistance to utilities, cities, or counties for urban water conservation programs such as a revolving loan fund? Grants? Bonds? Appropriations?  Bonds?  Appropriations?

    No, with the exception of metering.

    Water and Wastewater Commissions in New Brunswick are eligible to secure funds for capital expenditures through the provincial Municipal Capital Borrowing Act, however the funds must be used for a tangible capital asset and water conservation is not explicitly funded.

    Canada does not have a revolving fund for infrastructure loans. Federally, the Green Municipal Fund (GMF) administered by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) provides grants for up to 50% of project costs, or below-market, low interest loans of up to 80% of project costs. FCM is an advocacy organization; however the Government of Canada endowed the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) with $550 million to establish the GMF program.

    The GMF funds municipal projects and studies, which have included feasibility studies of water conservation programs, water distribution system leak detection and control projects, plumbing retrofit programs, wastewater recycling, and sustainable community plans involving water conservation. In 2011, water conservation projects that reduce water use by more than 20% are a funding focus.

    The Building Canada plan is the primary mechanism in Canada for funding water and wastewater infrastructure, and encompasses a number of funds including provincial and municipal base funding, gas tax funds, and the Building Canada fund. Over half of the funding under the Building Canada plan is provided as base funding to municipalities, and the funds are generally administered by the provinces. The Building Canada fund promotes long-term funding of water infrastructure projects, including projects designed to improve conservation of water. Funding focuses on improved treatment standards that emphasize the protection of human health. The projects are required to be supported by measures that improve the management of sources of drinking water, reduce demands, and improve the management of drinking water infrastructure.

    All projects are cost shared, generally in equal thirds between federal/provincial/municipal governments. The Building Canada fund operates through two components: the Major Infrastructure Component (MIC) that targets large strategic projects of national and regional significance, and the Communities Component that focuses on projects in communities with populations of less than 100,000. 

    To date, funded projects have focused on centralized infrastructure as opposed to conservation efforts, with the exception of metering. Capital cost funding projects must result in a tangible capital asset. Planning costs are also eligible, which could potentially support the development of water conservation plans.
     
  17. Does the province offer technical assistance for urban water conservation programs? 

    No.

    Water conservation tips online.
        
  18. Does the province require volumetric billing?

    No.
     
     
  19. What percentage or number of publicly supplied water connections (residential and nonresidential) are metered in your province?

    55.4% residential and 83.9% commercial

    Municipal Water Use 2009 Summary Tables 

  20. Does the province provide ET microclimate information for urban landscapes? 

    No. 

  21. Does the province have a water conservation and efficiency strategy?

    No.

  22. Does the province have standards for alternative water sources?

    No.

    Additional Information:
     

    New Brunswick (2008) Wellfield Designation Order

    New Brunswick (2008) Watershed Designation Order

    Environment Canada (2011) 2009 Municipal Water Use Statistics

    Environment Canada (2011) Municipal Water Pricing Report

    Gibbon, W (2008) Who uses water-saving fixtures in the home - Canada