New Foundland and Labrador - 2012 Policy InformationNew Foundland Shield  

The residents of Newfoundland and Labrador are primarily dependent on public water supplies for their domestic water needs. Approximately 83% of the province’s population receives water from public sources and 17% from private sources. Approximately 88% of the total serviced population use surface water and 12% use groundwater supplies. The majority of the population (70%) relies on water supplies that have been designated “Protected Water Supply Areas”. This province has established one of the strongest source protection programs in the country. Watershed management planning and the appointment of Watershed Monitoring Committees have been successful in addressing land use conflicts in water supply areas. Although there is no specific Provincial strategy for water conservation at this time, the province’s Water Resources Act contains enabling provisions for promoting water conservation/efficiency and the multi-use concept of water.

Use the links below to jump to a specific question:

Q1. Agencies Q9. Permitting Q17. Technical Assistance
Q2. Toilet Regulations   Q10. Drought Plans Q18. Volumetric Billing  
Q3. Showerhead Regulations Q11. Conservation Plans Q19. Metered Connections 
Q4. Urinal Regulations Q12. Authority to Approve Plans Q20. ET Microclimate Information  
Q5. Clothes Washer Regulations Q13. Plan Update Frequency Q21. Efficiency Strategy
Q6. PRSV Regulations Q14. Planning Framework Q22. Alternative Sources
Q7. Building or Plumbing Codes Q15. Implementation Requirements Additional Information
Q8. Water Loss Q16. Funding for Conservation

 

 

 

 

 



  1. What provincial ministry, department or agencies are in charge of drinking water conservation/efficiency?

    Department of Environment and Conservation

    The Water Resources Management Division of this Department is responsible for source protection and management, regulatory approvals for construction, operation and maintenance of public water systems, drinking water quality monitoring, and operator education and training. This Division is also responsible to administer various statutes as they relate to the allocation of water, stream alterations, licensing of well drillers, and other aspects of water resource management. The Water Rights Section of this Department implements one of the most comprehensive water use allocation and granting of rights systems in Canada, e.g., there is no threshold for exempting any non-domestic water use from being regulated and monitored.  No water conservation programming or initiatives exist to date, with the exception of pilot studies on agricultural water conservation and efficiency measures including the installation of flowmeters.
     
  2. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for toilets that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    Neither the federal nor Newfoundland governments have a regulation for toilets at the point of sale.

    Although provincial building and plumbing codes can require water efficiency standards in new construction and renovations, and mandates minimum efficiency standards for energy consuming products, there is to date no federal regulation for mandating the water efficiency of toilets at the point of sale.

  3. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for showerheads that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    Neither the federal nor Newfoundland governments have a regulation for showerheads at the point of sale.

    Although provincial building and plumbing codes can require water efficiency standards in new construction and renovations, there is to date no federal regulation for mandating the water consumption/efficiency of showerheads at the point of sale.
     
  4. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for urinals that is more stringent than the federal standard?

    Neither the federal nor Newfoundland governments have a regulation for urinals at the point of sale.

    Although provincial building and plumbing codes can require water efficiency standards in new construction and renovations, there is to date no federal regulation for mandating the water consumption/efficiency of urinals at the point of sale.
      
  5. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for clothes washers that is more stringent than the federal standard? 

    No.

    Minimum water efficiency standards for commercial and residential clothes washers are established through Canada’s Energy Efficiency Regulations, limiting the Minimum Modified Energy Factor to greater than 35.68 L/kwh/cycle for capacity > 45 Land to greater than 18.4 L/kWh/cycle for capacities < 45 L.

  6. Does the province have a water consumption regulation for pre-rinse spray valves that is more stringent than the federal standard?  

    No.

    Minimum water efficiency standards for pre-rinse spray valves are established through Canada’s Energy Efficiency Regulations, limiting the flow rate to less than 6.1 litres per minute at 60 Psi water pressure as of January 1, 2012.

  7. Does the province have mandatory building or plumbing codes requiring water efficient products that exceed the federal standard? 

    No.

    Newfoundland and Labrador do not have a provincial-wide plumbing code. 
     
  8. Does the province have any regulations or policies for water utilities regarding water loss in the utility distribution system?  

    No. 

  9. Does the province require conservation activities as part of its water permitting process or water right permit?

    No.

    Water conservation is not a criteria for new water supply works permits or water use licenses under the Water Resources Act
    However, the Lieutenant-Governor in Council may establish, in accordance with regulations, economic measures such as incentives, royalties, subsidies, administrative and other fees, and water use charges for the purposes of ensuring the conservation and proper utilization of water resources, and for the financing of programs and other measures. The potential adverse effects of the proposed undertaking upon the environment and surface/groundwater conditions in the area in relation to the present and future water uses are taken into consideration in granting a license. To date, no reference to water conservation exists within the design guidelines for water and sewerage systems and no regulations requiring water conservation exist.

    The province has one of the most comprehensive water use allocation and granting of rights systems in Canada under the Water Resources Act – requiring a person to obtain a water use license for water taking for municipal, agricultural, commercial, institutional, or industrial purposes, for thermal power generation purposes, and for other purposes prescribed by regulation.  It also requires a permit to construct and operate a waterworks and source protection. 

     
  10. Does the province require preparation of drought emergency plans by water utilities or cities on any prescribed schedule?  

    No.

  11. Does the province have a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation/efficiency separate from drought emergency plans?   

    No.

  12. Does the province have the authority to approve or reject the conservation plans? 

    N/A because no plans are required.
     
  13. How often does the province require the water utilities to submit a potable water conservation plan (not part of a drought emergency plan)? 

    N/A because no plans are required.

  14. If the province has a mandatory planning requirement for potable water conservation separate from drought emergency plans, is there a framework or prescribed methodology?

    N/A because no plans are required.
     
     
  15. Does the province require water utilities to implement conservation measures, beyond just the preparation and submittal of plans? 

    N/A because no plans are required.

    The province’s Water Resources Act contains enabling provisions for promoting water conservation/efficiency and the multi-use concept of water.

  16. Does the province offer financial assistance to utilities, cities, or counties for urban water conservation programs such as a revolving loan fund? Grants? Bonds? Appropriations?  Bonds?  Appropriations?

    Yes.

    No, with the exception of metering.

    The Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Water Supply Expansion Agreement funded two studies on agricultural water conservation and efficiency measures including the installation of flowmeters.  Those studies aimed at setting the stage for water use monitoring and reporting that will lead to the developments of performance indicators. 

    The Department of Municipal and Provincial Affairs is responsible for the administration of the Capital Works Program to provide funding for new public water system infrastructure, as well as funding to assist with the expansion or upgrade and repair of existing infrastructure.
    The province offers $130 toilet rebates ($65 from Newfoundland and Labrador and $65 from the Federal government through the EnerGuide for Houses grant program). To qualify for the grant, you must complete an EnerGuide for Houses pre-retrofit and post-retrofit evaluation.

    Canada does not have a revolving fund for infrastructure loans. Federally, the Green Municipal Fund (GMF) administered by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) provides grants for up to 50% of project costs, or below-market, low interest loans of up to 80% of project costs. FCM is an advocacy organization; however the Government of Canada endowed the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) with $550 million to establish the GMF program.

    The GMF funds municipal projects and studies, which have included feasibility studies of water conservation programs, water distribution system leak detection and control projects, plumbing retrofit programs, wastewater recycling, and sustainable community plans involving water conservation. In 2011, water conservation projects that reduce water use by more than 20% are a funding focus.

    The Building Canada plan is the primary mechanism in Canada for funding water and wastewater infrastructure, and encompasses a number of funds including provincial and municipal base funding, gas tax funds, and the Building Canada fund. Over half of the funding under the Building Canada plan is provided as base funding to municipalities, and the funds are generally administered by the provinces. The Building Canada fund promotes long-term funding of water infrastructure projects, including projects designed to improve conservation of water. Funding focuses on improved treatment standards that emphasize the protection of human health. The projects are required to be supported by measures that improve the management of sources of drinking water, reduce demands, and improve the management of drinking water infrastructure.

    All projects are cost shared, generally in equal thirds between federal/provincial/municipal governments. The Building Canada fund operates through two components: the Major Infrastructure Component (MIC) that targets large strategic projects of national and regional significance, and the Communities Component that focuses on projects in communities with populations of less than 100,000.

    To date, funded projects have focused on centralized infrastructure as opposed to conservation efforts, with the exception of metering. Capital cost funding projects must result in a tangible capital asset. Planning costs are also eligible, which could potentially support the development of water conservation plans.
     
  17. Does the province offer technical assistance for urban water conservation programs? 

    No.
     
  18. Does the province require volumetric billing?

    No.

  19. What percentage or number of publicly supplied water connections (residential and nonresidential) are metered in your province?

    0% residential and 63.6% commercial

    Municipal Water Use 2009 Summary Tables 

  20. Does the province provide ET microclimate information for urban landscapes? 

    No. 

  21. Does the province have a water conservation and efficiency strategy?

    No.

  22. Does the province have standards for alternative water sources?

    No.

    Additional Information:
     

    Abdul Razek (2008) Agricultural Water Efficiency Measures Pilot

    Newfoundland (2009) EnerGuide Program Guide for Houses

    Environment Canada (2011) 2009 Municipal Water Use Statistics

    Environment Canada (2011) Municipal Water Pricing Report

    Gibbon, W (2008) Who uses water-saving fixtures in the home - Canada